Defence Economics & Industry
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  • About Centre

    India spends a significant amount of resources on its national defence. Efficiency in utilisation of resources is not only an economic imperative but vital for defence preparedness. In view of this, the Defence Economics and Industry Centre was created in 2006 to promote research on various economic aspects of India's defence. Since its inception, the Centre has undertaken a number of policy relevant studies besides constantly engaging vital stakeholders (Ministry of Defence, Armed Forces and Industry) on a range of issues. The major focus areas of the Centre are:

    • Defence Acquisition
      • Organisational and procedural improvement
      • Offsets
    • Defence Industry
      • Self-reliance in Defence Production
      • Efficiency of Defence Public Sector Undertakings/Ordnance Factory Board
      • Enhancing Private Sector Participation in Defence Production
    • Defence Research and Development
    • Defence Budget

    Members

    Indian Defence Industry: An Agenda for Making in India

    Indian Defence Industry: An Agenda for Making in India
    • Publisher: Pentagon Press

    This book thoroughly probes the Indian Defence industry and the policies pertaining to it. Based on hard core evidence, it identifies the key shortcomings of this vital sector and provides a detailed roadmap for the Modi government’s ambitious ‘Make in India’ programme to succeed in defence production sector. Though written with a clear focus on influencing policy making, the book is presented in an accessible format to be easily understood by the wider strategic community.

    • ISBN 978-81-8274-905-4,
    • Price: ₹. 995
    • E-copy available
    2016

    Indigenisation: Key to Self-Sufficiency and Strategic Capability

    Indigenisation: Key to Self-Sufficiency and Strategic Capability
    • Publisher: Pentagon Press

    The book attempts to study the defence industrialisation process that has been adopted by the militarily developed and developing nations to analyse, orient and adapt their best practices to the Indian defence industry and technological base. The analysis reveals that there is a requirement to re-assess, re-align & re-model the Indian defence industry apparatus in line with the vision of accelerating indigenisation, self-sufficiency and strategic capability, as pertaining to military systems.

    • ISBN 978-81-8274-892-7,
    • Price: ₹. 1295
    • E-copy available
    2016

    Defence Offsets: International Best Practices and Lessons for India

    Defence Offsets: International Best Practices and Lessons for India

    The Monograph provides a comprehensive roadmap for reforming India’s defence offset policy which despite having gone through several rounds of revisions in past decade or so, still lacks effectiveness. The roadmap is based on extensive study of offset practices followed by six countries: Canada, Israel, Malaysia, South Korea, Turkey and the UAE.

    2015

    Core Concerns in Indian Defence and the Imperatives for Reforms

    Core Concerns in Indian Defence and the Imperatives for Reforms
    • Publisher: Pentagon Press
      2014

    India's current defence imperatives transcend the ideeological 'defence vs. butter' debate. Even while there may be no profound existential concerns, the geo-political reality of a deeply troubled neighbourhood, long legacy of border disputes with neighbours in the north and west and a widening spectrum of potential warfare from conventional and strategic to the asymmetric can be ignored at our own peril.

    • ISBN 978-81-8274-818-7,
    • Price: ₹. 1095/-
    • E-copy available
    2014

    United States Reforms to Its Higher Defence Organisation: Lessons for India

    United States Reforms to Its Higher Defence Organisation: Lessons for India

    Democracies of the world have many similarities, notwithstanding the differences in the system of governance and the governmental structure. The decision making by the Higher Defence Organisation (HDO) and the government of the United States and India face similar challenges regardless of the threat perception and the role, size and the employment of the military.

    2014

    India–US Defence Cooperation: Assessing Strategic Imperatives

    Over the last decade or so, especially during much of Barack Obama’s presidential tenure, the defence sector has become the focus area of cooperation between India and the US. India’s engagement with the US in the area of defence is riding on a new-found realism that drives both countries’ strategic aspirations.

    January 2018

    Defence Offsets: A System-Level View

    How effective are offsets as a means to boost a domestic defence industry? This article takes a novel approach to answering this question; examining global data on levels of defence sales over three decades as a measure of successful defence industrialisation (i.e., using the market as an indicator of success). The quantitative data points to a mixed picture as despite the ubiquity of defence offsets, they are no guarantees of success in defence industrialisation.

    July 2013

    A Perspective on Defence Planning in India

    The available literature on defence planning in India does not make for very encouraging reading. A few things stand out. Firstly, there is an acute dearth, if not almost complete absence, of authentic official accounts and analysis of what has gone on in the name of defence planning over the last six decades. Secondly, narratives based either on personal recollection or on opinions and views of those who have directly or indirectly been associated with defence planning at different points of time have filled this void. Others have chipped in too.

    July 2012

    India's Defence Offset Policy

    Although India has established a formal mechanism for implementation of the defence offset policy, the structure and procedures lack the thrust to fulfil the objective of energizing the Indian defence industry. Besides, the policy is not supported by the existing Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and licensing policies. While evidence suggests that domestic industry can absorb offsets, what India needs is an effective body to handle offsets, liberal FDI and licensing policies, and a better banking provision.

    March 2009

    Defence Agenda for Modi Government 2.0

    Implementing the outlined 27 reform measures in four broad areas – Planning, Defence Budget, Acquisition and Make in India – would strengthen defence preparedness and build a credible defence industrial base.

    June 06, 2019

    Design and Development of Equipment by DRDO, DPSUs and Ordnance Factories

    There is a need to make it clear in the text of Paragraph 72 of DPP 2016 that no vendor other than the Development-cum-Production partner or the nominated Production Agency will be permitted to enter the tendering process at the post prototype development stage.

    May 24, 2019

    The Acquisition of Rafale Aircraft: Facts and Concerns That Ought To Be In the Public Domain

    The acrimonious debate in the public space on the acquisition of Rafale aircraft has been primarily focused on a few issues. The debate does not inform the public about the long, arduous and complex nature of the programme and the joint effort invested in it. The uniqueness of this programme is also not in the public domain. It does not specifically inform the lay person as to the rationale for restricting the numbers to two squadrons, and carries on oblivious of the collateral effect it may have on future acquisition programmes.

    Fallibility of the Fall Clause

    While the purpose of the Fall Clause, a price safety mechanism in rate contracts, is indubitable, some issues concerning its applicability and implications, both for the buyer and the seller, merit a review.

    May 08, 2019

    Mission Shakti: What Next?

    India needs a comprehensive space security architecture consisting of a dedicated Space Command for operational aspects as well as an exclusive Defence Space Research Agency to focus on scientific and technical aspects.

    April 09, 2019

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