Defence Economics & Industry
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  • About Centre

    India spends a significant amount of resources on its national defence. Efficiency in utilisation of resources is not only an economic imperative but vital for defence preparedness. In view of this, the Defence Economics and Industry Centre was created in 2006 to promote research on various economic aspects of India's defence. Since its inception, the Centre has undertaken a number of policy relevant studies besides constantly engaging vital stakeholders (Ministry of Defence, Armed Forces and Industry) on a range of issues. The major focus areas of the Centre are:

    • Defence Acquisition
      • Organisational and procedural improvement
      • Offsets
    • Defence Industry
      • Self-reliance in Defence Production
      • Efficiency of Defence Public Sector Undertakings/Ordnance Factory Board
      • Enhancing Private Sector Participation in Defence Production
    • Defence Research and Development
    • Defence Budget

    Members

    Best Practices in Financial Management: Accrual Accounting for Defence

    Changes in public financial management across the globe have necessitated India to revisit its traditional methods of managing and depicting its public finances. One of the major changes envisaged is a quest to migrate gradually to accrual accounting from the traditional cash-based accounting.

    2019

    Transfer of Defence Technology: Understanding the Nuances and Making it Work for India

    • Publisher: KW Publishers
      2019
    In recent years, transfer of defence technology to India, as an alternate route to indigenous development, has been frequently brought up with widely varying views from the Indian defence technology fraternity. Some lament its failure to help India achieve self-reliance, while others suggest it can enable India to leapfrog ahead. While it has been paradoxically found to be more expensive than outright purchase of defence systems, there are indications that countries such as Israel, South Korea and China have gained immensely from it. While there has been a flood of ToT proposals from foreign OEMs after the launch of the Make in India initiative, there have been few proposals which have materialised and a miniscule number successfully implemented. Acknowledging the need to unravel these mysteries, this book attempts to throw light on the entire range of connected aspects from a brief historical perspective to an understanding of its fundamentals and nuances, to how ToT should be aligned with national goals and there on to its implementation issues. Initially addressing the conventional mode and its complexities, it expands to touch upon the others, then the unconventional ones, the facilitators such as offsets and the transaction in its widest sense. Thus enveloping the complete spectrum, it brings its insights together to converge on a possibly successful arrangement for India. Written in an explorative, questioning style, this book will intrigue interested readers and propel the Indian defence technology community to dwell on its findings and suggestions for the formulation of a cogent way forward.
    • ISBN: 978-93-89137-17-0,
    • Price: ₹.980/-
    • E-copy available
    2019

    Indian Defence Industry: An Agenda for Making in India

    Indian Defence Industry: An Agenda for Making in India
    • Publisher: Pentagon Press

    This book thoroughly probes the Indian Defence industry and the policies pertaining to it. Based on hard core evidence, it identifies the key shortcomings of this vital sector and provides a detailed roadmap for the Modi government’s ambitious ‘Make in India’ programme to succeed in defence production sector. Though written with a clear focus on influencing policy making, the book is presented in an accessible format to be easily understood by the wider strategic community.

    • ISBN 978-81-8274-905-4,
    • Price: ₹. 995
    • E-copy available
    2016

    Indigenisation: Key to Self-Sufficiency and Strategic Capability

    Indigenisation: Key to Self-Sufficiency and Strategic Capability
    • Publisher: Pentagon Press

    The book attempts to study the defence industrialisation process that has been adopted by the militarily developed and developing nations to analyse, orient and adapt their best practices to the Indian defence industry and technological base. The analysis reveals that there is a requirement to re-assess, re-align & re-model the Indian defence industry apparatus in line with the vision of accelerating indigenisation, self-sufficiency and strategic capability, as pertaining to military systems.

    • ISBN 978-81-8274-892-7,
    • Price: ₹. 1295
    • E-copy available
    2016

    Defence Offsets: International Best Practices and Lessons for India

    Defence Offsets: International Best Practices and Lessons for India

    The Monograph provides a comprehensive roadmap for reforming India’s defence offset policy which despite having gone through several rounds of revisions in past decade or so, still lacks effectiveness. The roadmap is based on extensive study of offset practices followed by six countries: Canada, Israel, Malaysia, South Korea, Turkey and the UAE.

    2015

    India–US Defence Cooperation: Assessing Strategic Imperatives

    Over the last decade or so, especially during much of Barack Obama’s presidential tenure, the defence sector has become the focus area of cooperation between India and the US. India’s engagement with the US in the area of defence is riding on a new-found realism that drives both countries’ strategic aspirations.

    January 2018

    Defence Offsets: A System-Level View

    How effective are offsets as a means to boost a domestic defence industry? This article takes a novel approach to answering this question; examining global data on levels of defence sales over three decades as a measure of successful defence industrialisation (i.e., using the market as an indicator of success). The quantitative data points to a mixed picture as despite the ubiquity of defence offsets, they are no guarantees of success in defence industrialisation.

    July 2013

    A Perspective on Defence Planning in India

    The available literature on defence planning in India does not make for very encouraging reading. A few things stand out. Firstly, there is an acute dearth, if not almost complete absence, of authentic official accounts and analysis of what has gone on in the name of defence planning over the last six decades. Secondly, narratives based either on personal recollection or on opinions and views of those who have directly or indirectly been associated with defence planning at different points of time have filled this void. Others have chipped in too.

    July 2012

    India's Defence Offset Policy

    Although India has established a formal mechanism for implementation of the defence offset policy, the structure and procedures lack the thrust to fulfil the objective of energizing the Indian defence industry. Besides, the policy is not supported by the existing Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and licensing policies. While evidence suggests that domestic industry can absorb offsets, what India needs is an effective body to handle offsets, liberal FDI and licensing policies, and a better banking provision.

    March 2009

    Expediting Negotiation in Defence Contracts

    Finetuning negotiation protocols and limiting the scope of negotiations could result in rapid conclusion of negotiations and contract finalisation.

    June 19, 2020

    Refining Draft Defence Offset Guidelines 2020

    The draft offset guidelines 2020, with revamped features, is a bold attempt at attracting technology and investment as well as promoting defence exports. However, the MoD may consider further refining some of the features of the revised guidelines.

    June 08, 2020

    Role of Political Guidance for Self-Reliance in Defence

    Self-reliance in defence may be better realised if India’s military instrument were to be shaped by political guidance and geopolitical considerations instead of being carried away by the contemporary winds of COVID-19.

    June 01, 2020

    Defence Sector Reforms: A Long Haul

    Although the new measures announced to fast-track the defence sector are significant, they do not add up to a comprehensive and overarching reforms package.

    May 20, 2020

    Draft DPP-2020: Standard Contract Document

    Inclusion of new clauses in the draft DPP-2020 and changes made in some of the existing ones are intended to make the SCD more comprehensive. However, there is a scope for bringing about textual clarity in the new as well as some of the existing clauses of the SCD, especially those which have been modified.

    May 14, 2020

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