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  • Analysing China’s Digital and Space Belt and Road Initiative

    The recently held second Belt and Road forum in April 2019 based on the theme “Shaping a Brighter Shared Future" gained considerable momentum in the world community. BRI has been an ever evolving concept that has changed considerably since its inception in 2013. It has generated a blend of optimism and consternation around the world.

    Xi’s Nepal Visit Reveals a Grander Chinese Himalayan Approach

    President Xi’s Kathmandu visit sets a new parameter for the China-Nepal ties, moving away from the traditional interstate relations based on simple bilateral modes of engagement. Beijing seems to be orchestrating a Himalayan approach in its relations with Kathmandu – revealing a grander Chinese policy in making.

    November 04, 2019

    Actions Speak Louder than Words: China’s Consultative Peacekeeping in Africa

    Existing concepts (e.g. ‘non-interference’ and ‘pragmatism’) remain too vague to provide explanations for China’s increasingly assertive security policy. To avoid this pitfall, this article adopts a narrower focus on Chinese security policy towards Africa.

    September 2019

    Geopolitics of Western Indian Ocean: Unravelling China’s Multi-dimensional Presence

    The Western Indian Ocean (WIO) is now attaining centrestage in the geopolitics of the Indian Ocean. Apart from France and the US, China holds significant interests in the WIO. China’s interests with the WIO states could be divided in four categories: dual-use infrastructure building, politico-diplomatic focus, connectivity-access and military activities. All four are interconnected and facilitate China’s desire to project power. For China, activities in the WIO serve the purpose of ensuring energy supplies, maintaining economic growth and securing military interests.

    September 2019

    Swati asked: What role does China play in the EU energy security, keeping in view their current involvement in the UK nuclear energy sector?

    Nandakumar Janardhanan replies: China has the highest number of upcoming nuclear reactors (including planned and proposed) in the world, and a flourishing nuclear industry which is set to be the largest nuclear energy equipment and service provider to the ‘existing and emerging’ nuclear power countries.

    China’s vulnerability to terrorism behind its support for Azhar ban

    It is neither the Wuhan spirit nor India’s zero tolerance on terrorism but China’s own vulnerability to terror that caused Beijing to ultimately take on board New Delhi’s concerns on terrorism.

    May 06, 2019

    Mahesh Belavi asked: How is Taiwan geo-strategically important to China?

    Raviprasad Narayanan replies: Taiwan is geo-strategically located with the South China Sea on one side and the Pacific Ocean on the other side. As a geo-political asset, the control of Taiwan will give China access to the broad sweep of the Pacific and the littoral. The Pacific Ocean is known for being the backwater of the United States. Japan being quiescent and defensive about its past suits China most.

    Pranav Bharadwaj asked: Why is One-China policy so important to PRC?

    Prashant Kumar Singh replies: One China policy is a cardinal principle of the People's Republic of China (PRC). This policy means that there is only one China and Taiwan is a part of it, and it is PRC alone that represents China or, in other words, the entire Chinese nation. It does not recognise the existence of the Republic of China (ROC), which otherwise continues to exist in the island of Taiwan. This policy is a legacy of Chinese Civil War, which was fought between the Communist Party of China (CPC) and the Kuomintang (KMT).

    Mahesh Belavi asked: What kind of advantages India has over China when it comes to engaging the African countries?

    Anand Kumar replies: India and China excel in different areas while engaging the African countries. China is better placed in terms of funding infrastructure development which it is doing at a massive scale in the continent. Africa has a major deficit of infrastructure and Chinese are presently trying to fill this gap, though questions have been raised about the costing of these projects. In view of limited options, Africa has been relying on Chinese companies to build their infrastructure.

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