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  • Pentagon Report and the Chinese Nuclear Forces Assessment

    The rapid increase in the nuclear forces of China, as revealed in the 2021 Pentagon Report, is a matter of serious concern. Several countries are undertaking exercises to ascertain the strategic and security implications of the feared expansion of the Chinese nuclear stockpile.

    December 14, 2021

    China’s Inconsequential Bid to Sign Southeast Asia Nuclear Weapon-Free Zone Treaty

    Showing readiness to sign the SEANWFZ treaty seems to be a low-cost, high-return proposition for Beijing. It could be a calculated symbolic gesture having no bearing on the region’s precarious security situation.

    December 09, 2021

    Beijing’s Lead in Renewable Energy: Why India Needs to Introspect?

    As India’s strides in the renewable sector are increasingly gaining pace, it gives an opportunity to assess what potential challenges and opportunities arise for India in the face of China’s growing dominance in the renewable energy industry.

    November 30, 2021

    PLA’s Western Theatre Command in Transition

    Post 2015 reforms, the Western Theatre Command (WTC) of the PLA has been transforming itself into a joint theatre command that can fight wars against an adversary like India. Considering that India and China are involved in a border standoff, any strengthening of WTC’s combat capabilities is likely to have an immense impact on India.

    November 09, 2021

    Rahul Saini asked: What advances have been made by China in the field of military application of artificial intelligence and envisaged consequent change in Chinese CONOPS for war prosecution?

    Ajey Lele replies: The Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA) is conscious of the transformative impact of artificial intelligence (AI) on war planning as well as war fighting and the global developments in this space. The PLA views AI as a symbiotic relationship between human and machine intelligence, with humans in a decisive role.

    Murthy Karanam asked: Since it takes years to build nuclear-powered submarines, what are the short & long-term strategic advantages of the AUKUS deal for Australia? Any chance that the US will extend such deals to other QUAD members?

    Abhay Kumar Singh replies: AUKUS commitment to support Australia in acquiring nuclear-powered submarines for the Royal Australian Navy has unarguably been the most eye-catching provision in the announcement of an enhanced trilateral security partnership between Australia, the United Kingdom (UK) and the United States (US). Notwithstanding significant international attention, this announcement about the nuclear submarine deal remains devoid of key details.

    What Beijing’s Growing Polar Silk Road Means to India?

    Beijing’s intent to incorporate the polar regions within China’s greater maritime strategy, explore their resources and subsequently emerge as a polar great power is quite evident in its initiatives like the Polar Silk Road. In light of growing global ambition and resource needs, the Arctic could become another theatre of India–China competition.

    October 21, 2021

    (Mis)Understanding the Communist Party of China’s Control

    Certain sections of the elite in China seem to be speaking out against the tightening political control under President Xi Jinping. Whether the Chinese Communist Party is failing to elicit loyalty among its own members, and resorting to widespread ideological control to retain its legitimacy is a pertinent question to ponder upon.

    September 13, 2021

    China’s Agricultural and Industrial Policies in 1971*

    The performance of the agricultural and industrial sectors during 1971 acquires an added significance as 1971 happens to be the first year of China’s ambitious Fourth Five-Year Plan. This Plan visualized new dimensions for the policies in these two basic sectors. This policy has aimed at optimum utilization of all factors of productions increasing the operational efficiency of both peasants and industrial labour through material incentives like private plots; and reinstalling technocrats in the respective industries.

    January 2021

    “China Plus One”: Supply Chain Resilience Initiative and Beijing in Indo-Pacific

    The drawbacks of over-reliance on China as a single manufacturing source has led to countries adopting “China Plus One” strategy to diversify supply networks. Whether Supply Chain Resilience Initiative by India-Japan-Australia can assist in partial decoupling from China is yet to be seen.

    July 26, 2021

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