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  • Belt and Road Initiative and Environmental Challenges

    Several Belt and Road Initiative projects pass through ecologically sensitive areas and in countries with weak environmental laws and governance.

    August 31, 2022

    India’s Environment Impact Assessment Draft 2020: Issues and Challenges

    As and when the draft Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) 2020 is finalised, it is expected to incorporate the perspectives of multiple stakeholders in a balanced manner.

    February 08, 2021

    COP23 Companion Event on India’s Climate Mitigation and Adaptation: Key Strategies

    November 17, 2017
    0900 to 1500 hrs

    Coping with Environmental Challenges: The Importance of Evolving a Balance between Artha, Kama and Dharma

    Coping with Environmental Challenges: The Importance of Evolving a Balance between Artha, Kama and Dharma

    Only by making the concept of dharma central can a balance be evolved between the trivarga of artha, kama and dharma and lifestyle changes introduced to cope with climate change.

    March 23, 2016

    Non-Traditional Security Challenges in Asia: Approaches and Responses

    Non-Traditional Security Challenges in Asia: Approaches and Responses
    • Publisher: Pentagon Press

    Asia is challenged by a number of non-traditional security issues including the food–energy–water nexus, climate change, transnational crime, terrorism, disaster relief and economic performance. This volume categorizes and clarifies some key emerging issues in the area and looks at their interconnectedness and implications.

    • ISBN 978-11-3889-253-8,
    • Price: $110.00/-

    Ajit asked: What is non-traditional security?

    P.K. Gautam replies: Post-Cold War expansion of the security agenda – After the end of the Cold War, human security was added to the security agenda. It included: (a) Environmental security (b) Economic security, and (c) Societal security. Threats to a nation were no longer only from the enemy’s military. Non-Traditional Security (NTS) threats, also called non-military threats, began to be factored in. Among the well- known NTS are energy, food and water which are in a nexus. Other topics include climate change, environmental security, economic security, pandemics, social issues, etc.

    The UN’s Human Development Report (HDR) of 1994 – This report highlighted the need for a shift from the exclusive stress on territorial security to focusing on people’s security, and instead of seeking security through armaments to gaining security through sustainable development. It identified seven security essentials. These are: (i) Economic security (ii) Food security (iii) Health security (iv) Environmental security (v) Personal security (vi) Community security, and (vii) Political security. This then spawned the view that the state was also responsible for these issues

    The NTS are security challenges that are not considered mainstream. The methods and tools employed to address non-traditional security challenges are evolving. It includes unconventional thinking and it challenges orthodox understandings. The 21st century presents new paradigms to security. Politico-military threats have been joined by security issues relating to energy, water, food, environment, climate change, and so on.

    Some examples of topics added to non-traditional security are:  
    1.  Environmental degradation including climate security
    2.  Economic disparities
    3.  Chronic poverty
    4.  Diseases and pandemics 
    5.  Trans-national crimes, human trafficking and drugs 
    6.  Migration 
    7.  Energy, water and food
    8.  Resource wars
    9.  Disaster management (including role of military in disaster relief)
    10. Terrorism
    11. Corruption
    12. Responsibility to Protect  

    Beijing is choking (and can't hide it anymore)

    Beijing’s smog, while recurrent, has been at its worst this winter and is an example of what is wrong with China’s political economy.

    January 15, 2013

    Environmental and Cultural Degradation

    The current growth trajectory is leading to serious environmental and cultural degradation—an issue that needs to be placed on priority and a holistic environmental impact assessment needs to be made public.

    May 22, 2012

    Climate Change and Environmental Degradation in Tibet: Implications for Environmental Security in South Asia

    Both the Chinese government and the Tibetans are in agreement over the impending issues relating to the adverse impact of climate change on Tibet while the India-specific data on glacier melt is as yet inconclusive. There is, however, a difference of perception in Sino-Tibetan discourse over the capitalist model of economic development being undertaken by China which is at variance with the cultural practices of Tibetans, informed and regulated as they are with the Buddhist values of oneness with nature. Nomadism is also fundamental to the preservation of the ecology of Tibet.

    September 2010

    Industrial and Environmental Disasters inside the Global Giant: Is something wrong with the Chinese development model?

    The present reality of industrial and environmental disasters in China calls for a reality check about India blindly copying the Chinese development model.

    August 20, 2010