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  • Multilateralism Matters: Adoption of the Treaty of the High Seas and its Significance

    The adoption of the Treaty of the High Seas by the United Nations represents a significant triumph for multilateralism.

    July 04, 2023

    Karthik G.R. asked: Peaceful Coexistence remains the cornerstone of India's foreign policy. How is it reflected in our foreign policy endeavours?

    Rajeesh Kumar replies: Peaceful coexistence constitutes one of the fundamental principles of India's foreign policy. Mutual respect for territorial integrity and sovereignty, non-aggression, non-interference, equality and mutual benefit are the fundamentals of peaceful coexistence. India believes that friendship and cooperation between and among nations will bring peace and development across the globe.

    Yemen: Growing Uncertainty after the Ceasefire

    The end of the ceasefire in Yemen without any substantial political understanding between the government and the Houthis heightens the risk of escalation of violence.

    November 10, 2022

    Assessment of India’s UN Missions and Impact on Host Nations

    Multifunctional peace operations under the umbrella of United Nations (UN) have become an integral part of the global society to the extent that they are now one of the major regulating institutions of international relations.

    July-September 2022

    Indian Women in Blue Helmets: Professionalism in Peacekeeping

    Majority of conflict situations in which the United Nations (UN) intervenes today are complex and as per their mandates, joint efforts of both men and women are required to make the peacekeeping operations as effective as possible. In many instances, maintaining good relations with the civilian population is a prerequisite for effective peacekeeping, as it often implies easy access to information at the grassroots level and increased security for UN personnel and the local population.

    July-September 2022

    Multidimensional Peacekeeping Protection Mandate and Recalibration of the UN Military Peacekeepers

    The United Nations has introduced a layered approach to UN peacekeeping operations (PKOs) with wide-ranging enablers based on many reviews. Accordingly, a new resolution on the protection of civilians (POC) was adopted by the UN Security Council in 1999. The study attempts to understand the complexities of multidimensional PKOs, POC, 2019 policy, specific role of the UN military force and the need for new structuring and training of the UN military presence in the mission areas.

    July-September 2022

    Ukraine’s Nuclear Disarmament Decision and Security Assurances

    Ukraine’s security predicament in the face of the Russian military onslaught brings into focus the vacuity of big power security assurances in the absence of legally binding security guarantees and treaty commitments.

    June 10, 2022

    India’s Contribution to Global Governance of Peacekeeping

    Indian interventions on the subject of peacekeeping is a testimony to its abiding interest not only in the workings of the peacekeeping mechanism but also in the global governance of peacekeeping.

    February 17, 2022

    Decoding State of Affairs in Mali: Internal Politics, Security Crisis and External Involvement

    Recurrent coups have increased the existing political instability in Mali. A major issue has been the unidimensional focus of the international community and regional players in providing only military support without adequately pushing for strengthening of Malian government apparatus.

    January 14, 2022

    India and the Geopolitics of UNSC Permanent Membership

    The United Nations completed 75 years of its existence in 2020. The last 75 years have been a roller coaster ride for this global institution mandated to maintain peace. However, the UN has received widespread criticism for not reforming its various institutions, particularly the United Nations Security Council (UNSC). The G-4 nations which includes India, have led the call for accelerating the long-awaited reform process.

    July 2021