Maoist

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  • Goutham asked: What is the core difference between Marxism and Maoism, and how both are different from Gandhian Socialism?

    Adil Rasheed replies: There is no core difference between Marxism and Maoism and the latter has more to do with the revolutionary strategy and practical applicability of Marxist ideas, particularly in the Third World countries.

    Prateek Goyal asked: What is ‘Urban Naxalism’?

    P.V. Ramana replies: The presence of, and activities carried out by, Naxalites, or the CPI (Maoist), in urban areas –– towns and cities –– are together termed as Urban Naxalism.

    Vivek Singh asked: What is the current state of Maoist movement in Bihar?

    P.V. Ramana replies: The Maoist movement is spread across 90 districts in 11 States of the country.

    In Bihar, the Maoists have a presence in 16 districts, of which four districts –– Aurangabad, Gaya, Jamui, Lakhisarai –– are most affected. However, keeping in tune with the over-all trend across the country, Maoist violence in Bihar has been declining over the past few years, notwithstanding minor fluctuations (see table below).

    Maoist Finances

    This article shows that the Maoists have been collecting not less than Rs 140 crore annually from a variety of sources: businesses—big and small—industry; contractors engaged in various trades; corrupt government officials; and political leaders. The largest and principal sources of income for the Maoists are the mining industry, PWD works, and collection of tendu leaves. They have been able to put in place a well-organised mechanism to extort money on a regular basis. Besides, they have conceived ingenious ways to store money and ensure its safety.

    April-June 2018

    Hemant Kumar asked: What can be done to minimise casualties among the CRPF personnel engaged in anti-Naxal operations and how Naxalism can be eradicated from Chhattisgarh?

    P.V. Ramana replies: The Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) and all other Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs) deployed in Anti-Naxal Operations (ANO) would need to adhere to Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) in order to minimise casualties.

    Calibrated security response together with vigorous development measures would help to meet the Naxalite challenge in Chhattisgarh. These would include health, education and connectivity.

    For more on the subject, please refer to the following IDSA publications:

    Nishant asked: Why Chhattisgarh has become the core of Naxal-related violence specifically in the last one decade?

    P.V. Ramana replies: The Maoists started entering Bastar in present-day southern Chhattisgarh in 1982. In terms of geographical area, Bastar is a little larger than Kerala and slightly smaller than Haryana. At that time, Bastar was a single district, but now comprises seven districts.

    Sambit Ratha asked: What are the substantiations behind Indian Maoists' alleged foreign (China, Pakistan, Corporates and NGOs) links? Is it arguable that Maoists are being/can be used as mercenaries in corporate rivalries?

    P.V. Ramana replies: The Maoists have a range of linkages –– internal and external. Internal linkages include ties with fraternal groups. The Maoists do not have linkages with corporate groups. They extort money from a variety of sources which also includes contractors, businesses –– big and small –– and industry. The annual extortion by the Maoists is anywhere between Rs. 140 – 160 cr. It is erroneous to think, let alone argue, that the Maoists are being used, or are likely to be used in corporate rivalries.

    Maoists Deploying Pressure Mines

    While the intended targets of the Maoists are security forces personnel, often civilians and animals become casualties in blasts triggered by pressure mines.

    February 09, 2018

    Ways And Means to Choke Maoist Finances

    It is difficult, if not impossible, to completely clamp down on Maoist finances. However, it is possible to restrict the flow of money into their coffers.

    May 11, 2017

    Can Prachanda use his India visit to resolve the Madhes issue at home?

    Prime Minister Puspa Kamal Dahal has a whole pile of problems lying unsolved at home. And he has only nine months, as set by his coalition partners, to deliver on his promises.

    September 16, 2016

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