Left-Wing Extremism

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  • Hemant Kumar asked: What can be done to minimise casualties among the CRPF personnel engaged in anti-Naxal operations and how Naxalism can be eradicated from Chhattisgarh?

    P.V. Ramana replies: The Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) and all other Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs) deployed in Anti-Naxal Operations (ANO) would need to adhere to Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) in order to minimise casualties.

    Calibrated security response together with vigorous development measures would help to meet the Naxalite challenge in Chhattisgarh. These would include health, education and connectivity.

    For more on the subject, please refer to the following IDSA publications:

    Mukesh Kumar asked: How Naxalism in Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh or Andhra Pradesh are different from each other in terms of goal, ideology, impact, etc.

    P.V. Ramana replies: It is not different. It is spearheaded by a single group known as the Communist Party of India (Maoist) or CPI (M). It has a presence across 106 districts in 10 States including in Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Andhra Pradesh.

    The objective is to capture/seize political power through an armed revolution or ‘protracted people’s war’. Their ideology is based on Marxism – Leninism – Mao Tse Tung (MLM) thought.

    Nishant asked: Why Chhattisgarh has become the core of Naxal-related violence specifically in the last one decade?

    P.V. Ramana replies: The Maoists started entering Bastar in present-day southern Chhattisgarh in 1982. In terms of geographical area, Bastar is a little larger than Kerala and slightly smaller than Haryana. At that time, Bastar was a single district, but now comprises seven districts.

    Ways And Means to Choke Maoist Finances

    It is difficult, if not impossible, to completely clamp down on Maoist finances. However, it is possible to restrict the flow of money into their coffers.

    May 11, 2017

    An Analysis of the Internal Security Budget 2017-18

    For the financial year 2017-18, the Ministry of Home Affairs(MHA) has been allocated Rs. 83,823 crore, a hike of around 11.5 per cent over that of the previous year. Though the Union government has been providing substantial budget support to the MHA to aid its reform and modernisation programs, the ministry’s efforts to bring about desired reforms have shown mixed results so far.

    February 21, 2017

    Perception matters against Left Wing Extremism

    Perception matters against Left Wing Extremism

    Winning hearts and minds through the Civic Action Programme (CAP) and the Media/Perception Management Plan is an important element in combating LWE propaganda.

    May 30, 2016

    The Maoist Global Web

    The Maoist Global Web

    The external linkages of the Maoists are wide, stretching from Latin America to South East Asia. These linkages have, essentially, given them visibility and propaganda, and very occasionally weapons.

    April 29, 2016

    “I was born in the party”: Women in Maoist Ranks

    Women in Maoist Ranks

    Women join Maoist ranks for a variety of reasons: impressionable age, social milieu and circumstances, personal reasons, influence of kin or family and the inspiration of ideology.

    December 15, 2015

    Children in Indian Maoist Ranks

    Children in Indian Maoist Ranks

    At one point there were an estimated 800 children in the ranks of the Maoists. Variously known as Bal Dasta, Bal Sangh and Bal Sangham, they are used for intelligence gathering, carrying food and arms, and serving extortion notes.

    August 06, 2015

    Meeting the Maoist Challenge

    Meeting the Maoist Challenge

    In the wake of the Sukma attack, it is apparent that the CPI-Maoist's weather- and surrender-induced operational frailty is a matter of the past.

    January 08, 2015

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