Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO)

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  • Issues in Co-Development and Co-Production of Defence Equipment

    The success of the co-development-cum-production push in Defence Acquisition Procedure 2020 would depend on the commercial viability of the co-developed product, apart from overcoming a host of conceptual and procedural challenges.

    August 17, 2022

    Vineet Ravindran asked: Is India developing a Hypersonic Glide Vehicle? What is its role in the Indian security environment? Does it enhance deterrence?

    Ajey Lele replies: Broadly, there are two main categories of hypersonic weapons, hypersonic glide vehicles (HGVs) and hypersonic cruise missiles. The HGVs are launched from a rocket towards the target, while hypersonic cruise missiles are powered by high-speed air-breathing engines called scramjets.

    Vineet R. asked: How can the academia work with the industry in private defence R&D? What niche role do each of them play?

    Amit Cowshish replies: The initiative to engage with the academia in the field of defence R&D must come from the private and public sector defence industry, acting in tandem with the armed forces and the Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO). This also requires an overarching organisation to coordinate the efforts. On the face of it, there are three specific areas for potential collaboration.

    Atma Nirbhar in Defence Technology

    While the steps stipulated in draft DAP-2020 to enable smooth acquisition of systems indigenously designed by DRDO and other public sector entities are a right move, they need to be strengthened further to make procedures more robust and conducive for timely completion of projects.

    August 10, 2020

    Prabhjit Oberoi asked: How can coordination between DRDO and the Services be increased?

    Abhay Kumar Singh, D.P.K. Pillay and Kishore Kumar Khera reply: A robust indigenous defence industry is unarguably vital for India given its complex security environment and strategic challenges.

    Make-II: Need to Prevent Duplication of Efforts and Backdoor Entry of Import

    The government’s decision to allow the private sector to undertake the development of complex defence equipment is a step in the right direction. It will help forge a larger innovation system to meet the diverse requirements of national security. However, caution may be required to avoid duplication of efforts and prevent indirect import.

    October 23, 2019

    Design and Development of Equipment by DRDO, DPSUs and Ordnance Factories

    There is a need to make it clear in the text of Paragraph 72 of DPP 2016 that no vendor other than the Development-cum-Production partner or the nominated Production Agency will be permitted to enter the tendering process at the post prototype development stage.

    May 24, 2019

    Defence Research and Development: International Approaches for Analysing the Indian Programme

    Defence Research and Development: International Approaches for Analysing the Indian Programme

    The Occasional Paper attempts to analyse the performance of India's defence research and development machinery and especially that of the DRDO. The Paper concludes by bringing out the lessons and concurrently suggesting the way ahead for India.

    Strategic Perspectives on Growth Phases and Long-term Techno-economic Performance of India’s DRDO

    The future of an organization is less determined by outside forces than by its history and the Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) is no exception. This article analyses the major achievements and shortfalls of the DRDO. It models the strategic dimensions of organization development. The value of production from defence industries arising from DRDO technology transfers is rapidly escalating, enabling the government’s goal of self-reliance.

    October 2013

    Defence Technology Indigenisation: Need to go beyond Lip Service

    Though public-private partnerships is encouraged, privately the government continues to retain its monopoly on research and development and defence production through the DRDO, the ordnance factories and the defence PSUs.

    September 19, 2013

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