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  • Suchak Patel asked: What is the meaning of ‘Deterrence by Denial’ especially in the context of India and China?

    S. Kalyanaraman replies: Deterrence by Denial refers to State A building up requisite military capabilities and devising an appropriate strategy to deny the territorial objectives that State B might seek to achieve through military means and thereby deter B from initiating war for that purpose.

    Jaydeep Chaudhary asked: In military terms, what is the difference between intrusion, incursion, transgression and infiltration?

    Deepak Kumar replies

    Intrusion: As per the open-source definition, it means the movement of a unit or force or a military asset inside another nation’s specified operational area or territorial seas or territorial airspace for surveillance or intelligence gathering in times of peace, no war-no peace, or war. A characteristic feature of intrusion is that it is temporary in time and space and has to be vacated (or evicted).  

    Harvir Singh asked: What is the difference between ‘standoff’ and ‘faceoff’?

    Deepak Kumar replies: In military parlance, the term ‘standoff’ refers to the measure of separation in ‘time’ and ‘space’ between opposing military forces who are unable to reach an agreement. The opposing forces are ‘fixed’ in time and space and cannot move or are unwilling to move. The aim of standoff could be to build up military and political pressure on an enemy or keep it in fear of war. In a defensive strategy, the aim could be to counter enemy threat or intentions.

    Abhishek Manchanda asked: What is the difference between ‘disengagement’ and ‘de-escalation’?

    Deepak Kumar replies: In military parlance, the term ‘disengagement’ can be defined as withdrawal from a stated military policy, military involvement, or at the tactical level, a military position. There are three important tenets of disengagement according to a RAND study by Hans Speier: (a) disengagement from enemy requires bilateral action, (b) disengagement can be forced if enemy lacks a credible threat, and (c) disengagement decisions can be based on present and future intentions.

    Devendra asked: What is the connotation of the term “quality of life” for a soldier in the Indian Army? What are the indicators of a good quality of life?

    Pradeep Singh Chhonkar replies: Quality of life is a broad concept that encompasses a number of different dimensions. It encompasses both objective factors (health, work culture, living conditions, etc) and the subjective perception one has about them. The latter depends significantly on individual’s priorities and needs. The connotation of the term “quality of life” remains universal whether it is for a uniformed or a non-uniformed person.

    Military Dimensions of a Multipolar World: Implications for Global Governance

    For a decade after the Cold War it seemed that multilateral governance might take root under US leadership, including a reinvigorated United Nations and a strengthened international legal framework. The nuclear explosive devices tested by India in 1998 took place in a pivotal period when the so-called ‘unipolar moment’ of the US began to be challenged by states that were not satisfied such an arrangement could advance their national interests.

    May 2018

    High Command: British Military Leadership in the Iraq and Afghanistan Wars, by Christopher L. Elliott

    Defeats are orphans and very educative. Most defeats are, in fact, manifestation of erroneous judgments or equipment failure, or a combinations of the two. In case the defeats are of military force application then the costs are very high. The United Kingdom’s (UK) military missions and the losses in Iraq and Afghanistan can be classified as failures, if not outright defeats, and have thrown up significant lessons about its higher defence management.

    January-March 2018

    The Turkish Military Base in Doha: A Step towards Gaining “Strategic Depth” in the Middle East?

    The nostalgia among a section of the AKP to recreate the Ottoman past through economic and geopolitical integration has been the driving force behind Turkey’s recent assertive postures in regional matters including the Qatar crisis.

    September 26, 2017

    Defence Reforms: Why is it Critical to Bite the Proverbial Bullet?

    This policy brief attempts to suggest six critical policy imperatives that must act as guidelines for the ongoing attempt at defence reforms.

    September 11, 2017

    International Military Exercises: An Indian Perspective

    International military exercises are an extension of military training for partner countries and a significant military diplomacy tool. Since 2012, the Indian armed forces have engaged 23 countries in 93 international military exercises. This article analyses the data regarding these exercises in terms of the participating countries and services. Outlining the benefits and possible pitfalls of participation in international military exercises, it suggests a holistic policy review on the subject.

    July 2017

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