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Internal Security

June 17, 2009



  • Formulate a comprehensive national security strategy.
  • Improve coordination amongst various law enforcement agencies.
  • Improve coordination between Central and State level agencies and make them seamless.


  • Strengthen HUMINT and penetrate various terrorist groups.
  • Enhance coordination amongst various intelligence gathering agencies at all levels. Ensure a strong network of MACs, SMACs and SIB.
  • Enhance TECHINT capability and popularize the use of frontier technologies in gathering TECHINT and OSINT.
  • The interface between NTRO and other intelligence agencies needs to be improved.
  • Prepare strong databases and build information network.
  • The model set-up by the US in respect of DNI and Homeland Security needs to be carefully studied and adapted to suit India’s needs.
  • India could learn from the experience of the US and other Western countries where effective data-fusion centres have been created.
  • Actionable intelligence should be accessible to all law-enforcement agencies in real time on need to know basis.
  • Priority should be accorded to Public Perception Management.


  • In principle, India should consider terrorism as an act of war and there should be no negotiations with terrorists.
  • There should be a consensus between the Centre and the States and among the political parties on the strategy to deal with terrorism.
  • Strong and deterrent laws are needed to deal with terrorism.
  • Choke terrorist financing.
  • National Investigation Agency should be well-equipped and made effective.
  • There is a need to significantly enhance domestic counter-terrorism infrastructure.
  • Police reforms should be speedily implemented
  • International cooperation to deal with terrorism needs to be strengthened.


  • A purely security-oriented approach in dealing with Naxalism is unlikely to succeed.
  • The creation of COBRA force at the Central level and special anti-Naxal forces in the affected States, as well as raising 20 CTJW schools, as planned, should be speedily completed.
  • MPF scheme should be earnestly implemented.
  • Surrenders of Naxalites should be encouraged and effective rehabilitation should be ensured.
  • The need of the hour is to improve  people-centric development schemes.

North East

  • Ensure adequate security.
  • Stop extortion.
  • Develop infrastructure, connectivity and communication.
  • Education and health care needs to be given due attention. Specialised higher education institutes and health care institutes should be set-up.
  • Develop integrated tourism infrastructure.
  • Agro-based industry should be given a fillip.
  • Government should engage Bangladesh and Myanmar to ensure that IIGs do not operate from their territory.
  • ULFA leaders and cadres based in Bangladesh should be pursued and neutralized to the extent possible.
  • A holistic approach should be devised which combines security, development, culture and foreign policy initiatives into a forward looking time-bound programme of action.

Jammu and Kashmir

  • The government needs to continue with its present security and development policies.
  • The government should continue to project Kashmir as an integral part of India. It is not yet time to discontinue with AFSPA.
  • Security presence should not be lowered.
  • The soft border policy should be pursued with care and reviewed periodically. The democratic process in the state which has been strengthened due to recent elections should be continued.
  • CBMs with Pakistan should be implemented.

Border Management

  • Enhance the capabilities of border guarding forces.
  • The scope of Border Area Development Programme (BADP) should be enhanced
  • The connectivity of the borders with the hinterland should be improved.
  • The construction, management and maintenance of ICPs should be set up at the earliest. The integrated check point (ICP) programme should be made robust.
  • The issue of adverse positions and enclaves should be resolved with Bangladesh at the earliest.
  • Illegal smuggling of cattle from India into Bangladesh should be curbed through legalization of cattle trade and other measures.
  • The relationship between the authorities and the border area population should be improved.
  • There is a need for better coordination among all agencies involving border management. Border guarding forces along with local population should be consulted while devising border area development schemes.
  • Issuance of multi-purpose identity cards needs to be given high priority.
  • Cross border linkages amongst population on both sides should be permitted but better regulated.
  • Border trade between the populations on both sides should be encouraged and regulated. Border hats/markets should be established.
  • A scheme of issuing work permits should be considered to manage illegal migration from Bangladesh.
  • The fragmentation among agencies dealing with maritime security should be ended and real-time functional coordination mechanism should be set up. The modernization of coastal police stations should be accelerated.
  • India should be prepared for the enhanced refugee flow from neighbouring countries during political turmoils. Necessary infrastructure to deal with the problems should be built up in advance.
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