United Nations Security Council (UNSC)

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  • Anjali Singh asked: India has not ratified the UN Refugees Convention and doesn't have a national policy either. What kind of challenges India faces in view of such a policy void?

    Rajeesh Kumar replies: It is true that India is neither a party to the United Nations Refugee Convention and nor have a national refugee protection framework. However, lack of a specific legal framework does not mean that the country was in a dilemma whenever a refugee crisis arose. India dealt with multiple refugee crises and hosted refugees from several countries including Tibet, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Iraq. At present, India is host to around 300,000 refugees from more than 25 countries.

    Waiting for Godot*: India and United Nations Security Council Reform

    This article analyses the history of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) reform with a particular focus on India’s aspiration and attempts to become a permanent member on the Council. The primary objectives of this historical examination are to appreciate how hard reforming the UNSC is and to understand how challenging it will be for India to acquire a permanent seat on the Council. Probing the General Assembly debates on UNSC reform, the article exposes the fundamental hurdles to change, the duplicity of the permanent five (P-5) and lack of unity among the stakeholders.

    November 2017

    UNSC Resolution 2321 and the DPRK​

    In a strong response to the nuclear warhead test of Pyongyang on September 9, 2016, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) at its 7821st meeting, held on November 30, 2016, adopted Resolution 2321 (2016)—officially known as S/RES/2321—imposing fresh sanctions on the DPRK (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea). The Resolution specifically imposes restrictions on the DPRK’s exports that assist Pyongyang in generating revenue for its nuclear and ballistic missile programmes.

    March 2017

    Security Council Resolution 2322: Will it Strengthen Multilateral cooperation in Counter-terrorism?

    The Security Council resolution on international judicial cooperation, adopted in December 2016, is a significant development in countering the scourge of terrorism.

    January 06, 2017

    India’s UNSC Bid: Is it different this time?

    A careful reading of the report of the deliberations of the UNGA on November 7, 2016 would suggest that nothing has changed at the ground level; only the rhetoric of member states has been amplified.

    December 08, 2016

    Jugal Kishore More asked: What are the salient features of the resolution passed by the UNSC on Kashmir issue in August 1948?

    Abdul Hameed Khan replies: The Government of India on January 01, 1948 lodged a complaint with the UNSC under Article 35 of Chapter VI of the UN Charter against Pakistan, charging it with aiding, abetting and participating in the tribal invasion of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K), which was part of India. Acting on the complaint, UNSC adopted Resolution 47 on April 21, 1948. Salient features of the resolution were:

    A Security Council for the 21st Century: Challenges & Prospects

    A Security Council for the 21st Century: Challenges & Prospects

    Security Council reform has proved over the years to be a stubborn and elusive goal, but it remains firmly within our reach if we muster the courage and determination to grasp it.

    July 20, 2016

    Iran Sanctions and India: Navigating the Road Blocks

    Iran Sanctions and India: Navigating the Road Blocks

    The monograph examines UNSC, US and EU sanctions targeting Iran as a result of concerns emanating from its nuclear programme and the implications they have had for India.


    Hariom Singh asked: What are the specific arguments offered by countries particularly opposed to India's candidature for the permanent seat in the UN Security Council?

    Arpita Anant replies: It would not be appropriate to phrase the question in this manner. No country has out rightly opposed India’s candidature; though it can be assumed that Pakistan and China (and perhaps some others too) would not be particularly happy with India securing a permanent seat in the Security Council.