Arun Vishwanathan

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  • Arun Vishwanathan teaches at the International Strategic and Security Studies Programme, National Institute of Advanced Studies, Indian Institute of Science Campus, Bangalore. He was previously Assistant Director, National Security Council Secretariat, Government of India. Prior to NSCS he was Junior Research Fellow, Indian Pugwash Society, New Delhi.

    The Need for ‘Inclusiveness’ in the Conceptual Understanding of Air Power: The Indian Case

    The prevalent and common understanding of air power is very capability-centric and limited to bean-counting of aerial platforms, like fixed-wing or rotary-wing aircraft, and their kinetic potential to carry out damage on and impact the will of an adversary. However, this understanding of air power is not inclusive as it does not take into account a country’s intrinsic capacity and capability to design and manufacture aircraft, critical components and technologies, like engines, sensors, materials and so on.

    October-December 2023

    Pakistan’s Nasr/Hatf-IX Missile: Challenges for Indo-Pak Deterrence

    On November 5, 2013 Pakistan conducted its fourth test of the Hatf-IX (Nasr) short range battlefield ‘nuclear’ missile. To date there have been four flight tests of the missile system. After the first three tests (April 19, 2011, May 29, 2012 and February 11, 2013) Pakistan’s Inter Services Public Relations (ISPR) had put out identical press releases.1 These statements claimed that the missile had a range of 60 km and carried ‘nuclear warheads (sic) of appropriate yield’.

    July 2014

    2011 Libyan Disclosures: 'Take-away' for CWC verification

    As part of the process of joining the CWC in January 2004, Tripoli made a declaration to the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) wherein it declared the following materials and capabilities, which were verified by OPCW inspections. However, on November 1, 2011, the transitional Libyan government declared a hidden stockpile of chemical weapons.

    What are friends for? The supply of restricted items to Chashma via China

    Coming close on the heels of the Chinese decision to build two nuclear power plants at Karachi as well as the continued assistance to the construction of nuclear reactors at Chashma, Xun Wang’s case raises the worrying spectre of spotty Chinese implementation of and compliance with international export control regulations.

    November 29, 2011

    Verification of the FMCT: Lessons from IAEA, OPCW and CTBTO

    The successful completion of a Fissile Material Cutoff Treaty (FMCT), some believe, would be an important step towards the ultimate goal of elimination of nuclear weapons. The FMCT will affect individual states differently due to the variance in their nuclear fuel cycles and pre-existing inventories of fissile material.

    April - June 2008

    The Nuclear Suppliers Group and the Indo-US nuclear deal

    In the midst of the domestic hullabaloo surrounding the nuclear deal in India, the United States convened a special meeting of the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) on September 20, 2007 at Vienna on the sidelines of the IAEA Annual General Conference to brief members on the deal. The NSG derives its important position in international civil nuclear commerce from its membership, which currently stands at forty-five and includes a majority of countries engaged in nuclear trade.

    September 26, 2007