Pakistan

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  • Vineet Ravindran asked: What is Pakistan's nuclear doctrine? Is it clearly defined like India's? What role does it play in Pakistan's security policy?

    Rajiv Nayan replies: Pakistan has not yet formally issued a nuclear doctrine. However, Pakistani officials keep issuing nuclear policy statements in different forums. The Pakistan Government and even the international community treat these declaratory statements as Pakistan’s nuclear doctrine.

    Decoding Pakistan’s Cartographic Aggression Against India

    Territorial disputes between India and Pakistan got a new dimension with the release of a new political map by the latter on 4 August 2020, apparently in response to India’s move to administratively reorganize the state of Jammu and Kashmir. Widely described as ‘cartographic aggression’ against India, the new map lays claim over many parts of India. The article traces the historicity of map-making as a nation-building project for Pakistan and seeks to decipher the strategic objectives behind this move.

    January 2022

    Opportunity of the Century

    The year 1971’s geostrategic significance for the Indian subcontinent rivals that of 1947 when British India was divided into India and Pakistan. While the roots of Bangladesh's secession from Pakistan lay firmly within the Pakistani polity, India's political support for the Bangladesh freedom movement and its military intervention were crucial for the liberation of Bangladesh. The Indian campaign for the liberation of Bangladesh was brilliantly conceived and deftly executed.

    November 2021

    Vineet R. asked: Historically, what has been the Palestinian position on Kashmir?

    Adil Rasheed replies: According to the Ministry of External Affairs, “India’s support for the Palestinian cause is an integral part of our nation’s foreign policy”.

    National Security Policy of Pakistan: Acknowledging Climate and Water Stress

    Outlining Pakistan’s vision and global engagement in the context of strategic and security trends, the recently released National Security Policy of Pakistan also acknowledges a serious need for a robust water management mechanism and an inclusive climate change policy.

    March 02, 2022

    Ashutosh Kumar asked: What is the difference between sleeper cells and hybrid militants?

    Adil Rasheed replies: In recent times, the term ‘hybrid militant’ has been the subject of intense scrutiny and discussion. The term is used by the Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) Police for youths who are not listed as militants in its records, but who carry out terrorist attacks and then keep living as regular civilians, without going underground.

    Understanding Pakistan’s National Security Policy Document

    Pakistan’s NSP, the first such policy document with guidelines for achieving the set national security goals, is a hint towards breaking the inertia and embracing change to forge a more prosperous Pakistan. However, the question is whether it is possible, if Pakistan continues to remain entangled with the past.

    January 21, 2022

    Planning and Impact of Special Operations during the 1971 Indo-Pak War

    India had all of two weeks to achieve the politico-military end state of liberating Bangladesh, before the international community intervened to impose a ceasefire. Speed and tempo of operations were imperative.Indian Armed Forces exploited the special operations capabilities to ensure an early fall of Dhaka. The airborne assault at Tangail, the audacious helilift of troops across the mighty Meghna by General Sagat Singh with effective support from the Mukti Bahini contributed to the early fall of Dhaka with most defences still intact.

    October–December 2021

    The Protection of Sea Lines of Communication during 1971 War

    As the bulk of India’s foreign trade transits through sea, it turns sea lines of communication through the Indian Ocean strategically important for India. The newly independent India did not pay adequate attention to this factor. Consequently, within two decades of independence continuous flow of unprotected large volume of India’s sea trade had become a strategic target for its adversaries. In this context, during the 1971 India–Pakistan war, India efficiently protected its vital sea lanes, ensuring that goods and commodities continued to reach Indian ports.

    October–December 2021

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