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  • The Media Landscape in Myanmar: A Post-Coup Analysis

    Following the 2021 military coup, there has been increased polarisation in the media in Myanmar, with many journalists behind bars.

    July 14, 2023

    Niyam asked: How is Myanmar a test case for ASEAN Centrality and Credibility?

    Abhay K Singh replies: Since the last two years, ASEAN has faced significant criticism for its lack of effective action towards the restoration of democracy, rule of law and effective governance in Myanmar. It has often been argued that the Myanmar imbroglio has significantly undermined ASEAN’s reputation in the international arena and has cast doubts on the concept of ‘ASEAN centrality’.

    Increased Drug Trade in Golden Triangle: Security Implications

    The Shan state of Myanmar is the largest producer of illegal drugs within the infamous Golden Triangle—a tri-junction at the Myanmar, Laos and Thailand borders.

    July 28, 2022

    Suchak Patel asked: What is the meaning of the term ‘junta rule’ used in the context of Myanmar, and how is it different from a military regime?

    Akash Sahu replies: A junta regime is composed of military officers who seize ruling power in a country. It may be seen as a subset of military rule, as the primary institution driving a junta government is the military. The junta government led by military leader Min Aung Hlaing of Myanmar is a classic example. The Myanmar junta usurped power through a coup in February 2021, refusing to recognise the elections in which former State Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi’s National League for Democracy (NLD) had a landslide victory.

    Indian Foreign Secretary’s Visit to Myanmar

    Given Myanmar’s geostrategic significance and the continuing insurgency threat, disturbances in Myanmar pose a direct and serious policy challenge to India. A calculated realistic approach weighing the evolving ground situation alone will deliver the objectives of India’s foreign policy.

    January 24, 2022

    Bangladesh Looks to Russia to Resolve Rohingya Crisis

    The Russia–Myanmar relationship is gathering strength. Bangladesh wants to use the increasing bonhomie between Russia and Myanmar to start a tri-lateral process to reach an amicable solution to the Rohingya refugee crisis.

    August 06, 2021

    Post-Coup Myanmar and India’s Response

    India must continue to engage with the Tatmadaw, even as it supports the efforts of the UN and the ASEAN to restore democratic processes and prevent violence and conflict in Myanmar.

    May 21, 2021

    Chemical Concerns: Raising Suspicion about Myanmar’s Covert CW Capability

    Myanmar has once again faced accusations of having a clandestine chemical weapons capability and non-compliance, despite the country’s efforts to fulfil its obligation under the Chemical Weapons Convention. Even though Myanmar has rejected the latest US allegations, the questions regarding its intact and existing buildings at Tonbo Site and the suspicions about a clandestine chemical weapons factory in Pauk Township will haunt the authorities in Myanmar to come clean before the International community.

    July-December 2019

    The Quest for Federalism in Myanmar

    The question of autonomy or self-determination in Myanmar goes back to the country’s pre-independence era. It is an important historical issue which unified and divided the country. The idea of forming a union government that would grant equal status to all citizens brought together different ethnic groups at the Panglong conference in 1947. However, the country’s conflicts remain and efforts are on to address the decades-old problems. One possible solution widely discussed is federalism.

    November 2018

    Sangita asked: How can India balance the growing Chinese influence in Bangladesh, Myanmar and Sri Lanka?

    Rup Narayan Das replies: Economic engagement in terms of trade, commerce and investment between two sovereign countries is always normal and legitimate, and no third country should have any qualms about it. Like apple and orange, it would be unfair to compare China’s economic engagement with Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Myanmar with that of India. China’s gross domestic product (GDP) is roughly five times that of India and it also has a robust reserve of foreign exchange, which it is investing through its Belt and Road Initiative (BRI).