India-Pakistan Relations

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  • Political Indifference and State Complicity: The Travails of Hazaras in Balochistan

    Pakistan is a forbidding place for minorities—confessional, sectarian and ideological. Violence, direct and structural and exacted with eerie regularity has ghettoised minority communities and forced them to flee. Among them, no other community is being subjected to such annihilatory violence as the Hazaras in the Balochistan province. Hazaras are an ethnic group predominantly based in Afghanistan, but also with a sizeable population in Pakistan, with estimates ranging between 650,000 and 900,000.

    July 2019

    Moving Beyond the Listing of Masood Azhar

    With China now willing to discuss issues of mutual interest with India, a well-structured bilateral dialogue on regional and global terrorism may go a long way in convincing Beijing of the need to put pressure on Islamabad to act against terror

    May 16, 2019

    The Challenge of Coordinating India’s Multiple Border Forces: An Analysis of Cross-Border Infiltration Across the India-Pakistan Boundary

    India’s international borders and disputed boundaries with its neighbours are guarded by five different Central Armed Police Forces, two Paramilitary Forces and the Indian Army.

    March 2019

    The Balakot Strategic Shift – Needed a ‘Counter Proxy War’ Doctrine

    There is an urgent need to formulate a ‘Counter Proxy War Doctrine’ that integrates diplomacy, defence, development and other tools of hard and soft power.

    March 28, 2019

    Sowmya Sai asked: Why is Pakistan's lowering of nuclear threshold a problem for India and its doctrine?

    A. Vinod Kumar replies: Unlike India’s declaration of a nuclear doctrine centered on a no-first-use (NFU) posture, Pakistan has not publicly shared a similar doctrinal document but has repeatedly declared its intention to use nuclear weapons first, citing India’s conventional superiority. Yet, there has been no formally declared threshold for such nuclear use though Pakistan has exploited this ambiguity to engage in brinkmanship in the years after overt nuclearisation.

    The People Next Door: The Curious History of India’s Relations with Pakistan, by T.C.A. Raghavan

    ‘The People Next Door’ is the name of a 1968 television (TV) series made into a 1970 Hollywood movie, a 1996 TV film, a 2008 novel, again a 2016 TV film, and, in the case of the book being reviewed, a non-fiction historical book. When we spend time in observing neighbours, the act has a voyeuristic feel.

    October-December 2018

    Pakistan Elections and India

    Whenever a civilian government has attempted to improve relations with India, it has either had to backtrack on promises made or the Pakistan Army ensures that, through its actions at the LoC and inside J&K, these promises stand scuttled.

    August 08, 2018

    Vishal Khandekar asked: What is the current status of the Kulbhushan Jadhav case?

    Sumita Kumar replies: Kulbhushan Jadhav was awarded a death sentence by a Pakistan Military Court on April 10, 2017. On May 18, 2017, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) issued a stay order on the execution of the death sentence given by the Pakistan Military Court. The proceedings in the ICJ are still going on with regard to India's request for consular access to Jadhav. India filed its reply to Pakistan's submissions to the Court on April 17, 2018. Pakistan submitted its rejoinder on July 17, 2018.

    Siddharth Kumar: What is the current foreign and economic policy of the Indian Government towards Pakistan? Is that a right policy to go forward?

    Ashok Kumar Behuria replies: India has always adopted the policy of peaceful engagement with Pakistan on all fronts. It has sought dialogue on all outstanding issues (including economic, cultural and people-to-people contact). On the economic front, India has pushed for enhanced trade and commercial engagement and granted Pakistan Most Favoured Nation (MFN) status.

    Return the Favour with a Thousand Cuts: India’s Pakistan Policy

    The current policy is premised on the understanding that unless India hurts the principal architect of Pakistan’s Kashmir policy, that is, the Army, terrorism would continue unabated.

    March 22, 2018