Air Defence

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  • Vivek Maniyath asked: Why is it important for India to invest in a 5th generation fighter aircraft?

    Gp Capt (Dr.) Rajiv Kumar Narang (Retd.) replies: Aviation historians and experts differ on the criteria for fifth generation fighter aircraft. However, there is a unanimity that the fifth generation fighter provides a technological and capability edge over the fourth or four plus generation of fighters.

    The broad characteristics of fifth generation of fighters are as follows:

    African Defence: A Statistical Analysis

    Africa’s continental aspirations are well documented in ‘Agenda 2063’. With a laid-out implementation plan for well-articulated goals to meet the aspirations, Africa is moving in the right direction, albeit a little slowly. The main reasons are intertwined and interrelated—conflicts and slow economic growth. To top this, African governments are splurging on building military capabilities without clearly defined strategic goals.

    July-September 2023

    European Sky Shield Initiative: Reinforcing Europe’s Air Defences

    The European Sky Shield Initiative (ESSI) seeks to develop a common air and missile defence system to defend NATO and European airspace.

    December 28, 2022

    Arun Chavan asked: What is Air Defence Zone? Does India have such a zone?

    Kishore Kumar Khera replies: Air Defence Zone, more commonly known as Air Defence Identification Zone (ADIZ), is a segment of air space in which entry and subsequent air operations are permitted only after specific authorisation by the controlling Air Defence Authority. Air space over territory, including territorial waters, of a state, is the ADIZ controlled by its armed forces.

    Vineet R. asked: What are the characteristics of a 6th Generation fighter aircraft?

    Kishore Kumar Khera replies: Military aviation, like any other technology-intensive field, continuously evolves. Although a classic definition of various generations of combat aircraft does not exist but based on the core capabilities, it is broadly classified.

    Eagle Unleashed IAF Strategy and Operations

    The only unfettered use of air power in India’s wars was in 1971, and it produced disproportionate and decisive outcomes. IAF’s air strategy, the extent of its role in contributing to the failure of Pakistan’s strategy in the west, and the vast range of operations carried out towards the surface war on both fronts simultaneously, are relatively unknown.

    October–December 2021

    Asymmetric Competition Ahead for Indian Air Power

    This article deliberates on some ‘disruptive’ issues that will affect employment, doctrine, force development and the very future of exclusive manned air power. Currently, causing asymmetry on the battlefield is considered a virtue rather than a weaker adversary’s option. Pakistan’s strategy against India and Chinese anti-access/area denial (A2/AD) are examples of cheaper but effective means. Driven by rapid advances in technology and confluence of emerging scientific capabilities, warfighting’s character is changing.

    January-March 2021

    Vineet Ravindran asked: Is there a scope of India developing a 6th generation fighter aircraft in the future, considering that the US and Europe have already started working on it?

    Kishore Kumar Khera replies: The rate at which the character of war is transforming and technology evolving, manned combat aircraft, as we know them, may lose their relevance. Much of the kinetic force application in future may be based on unmanned systems and high speed long range weapons launched from arsenal aircraft. The world combat aircraft inventory has already decreased by over 57 per cent in the last three decades and the same trend is expected to continue.

    Vineet Ravindran asked: Does India need a 5th generation stealth fighter besides AMCA, considering that Su-30 is the only heavy fighter IAF has in its inventory in numbers?

    Kishore Kumar Khera replies: The nature and type of combat force depends on the national security imperatives. In our context, Indian aerospace power needs to ensure the requisite capability to protect our national interests. As the operational environment in our region changes with the induction of new technology, Indian aerospace power needs to keep pace to retain relevance. Therefore, induction of the next generation combat capability is essential in the coming decade.

    COMBAT AVIATION: Flight Path 1968-2018

    • Publisher: KW Publishers
    Combat aircraft, a powerful component of military strength, define the battle space today. In the last five decades, world combat aircraft inventory, after peaking in 1988, gradually declined owing to changes in the geopolitical landscape, altering character of war, evolving technology and emerging alternatives. Today, there are 106 countries in the world that own and operate around 80 types of approximately 18,000 combat aircraft. But, there are only 19 countries that have more than 200 combat aircraft in their inventories. In this book, the available data of the world’s combat aircraft inventory is analysed for the trends and probable reasons for changes in the holdings, before predicting the future trajectory of manned combat aircraft. Additionally, the role of combat aircraft and their interplay with various tenets of Indian air power capability and the likely future is discussed.
    • ISBN: 9789389137446 ,
    • Price: ₹.1280/-
    • E-copy available