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  • Open-Source Intelligence: The Tool of First Resort in Ukraine War

    Reluctance to embrace the revolution in open-source intelligence would limit the effectiveness of intelligence agencies in future conflicts.

    May 04, 2023

    Vineet Ravindran asked: What is the role of artificial intelligence in modern warfare, and what are its limitations?

    Sanur Sharma replies: The dimensions of modern warfare lie within a changing landscape of technology and defence frameworks. The war-fighting capabilities are continually changing with the introduction of new and disruptive technologies that harness the power of data and analytics to make predictions and work automatically.

    Interrogating ‘Hyphenated Cultures’: India’s Strategic Culture and its Intelligence Culture

    In the late 1950s, the concept of 'political culture' was first developed. Towards the end of the Cold War, scholars in International Relations (IR) theory and security studies developed the concept of 'strategic culture'. Over a period, state bureaucracies were thematised by scholars of comparative politics leading to the concept of 'bureaucratic culture'. Lastly, in the second decade of the twenty-first century, a comparative turn in intelligence studies began to emerge with the concept of (national) 'intelligence culture'.

    July-September 2021

    Statecraft and Intelligence Analysis in the Kautilya-Arthashastra

    In the Kautilya-Arthashastra, espionage and other ‘operational’ activities of the secret service—notably ‘active measures’ and ‘covert action’—are addressed often and in detail. In contrast, Kautilya seems to say very little about intelligence analysis, assessment and estimates which provide the basis of strategic planning and grand strategy—and arekey components of statecraft. However, the central proposition of this article is that ‘ideas’ (or meanings) underlying these modern intelligence terms are very much present in the Arthashastra.

    October 2014

    A Case for Intelligence Reforms in India

    A Case for Intelligence Reforms in India
    • Publisher: Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses

    The Report on Intelligence Reforms in India, advocates a paradigm shift towards holistic modernisation of the current Indian intelligence setup, by bringing in radical changes in the existing intelligence culture.

    • ISBN 978-93-82169-03-1,
    • Price: ₹. 250/-
    • E-copy available