Syria

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  • Turkey Treads a Fine Line in Syria

    In the light of Trump’s decision to withdraw US troops from Syria, Ankara has adopted a cautious approach towards the Syrian Kurds and has decided to take Moscow’s concerns into account before making any move in northern Syria.

    January 04, 2019

    Aarti Panchal asked: Why Syria’s membership was suspended by the Arab League? What were the specific reasons that led to it?

    Md. Muddassir Quamar replies: After the Arab Spring protests started in Syria in February 2011, first in the southwestern town of Dara’a but soon spreading to major cities like Homs, Hamaa and Damascus, the Syrian regime used force to control the situation. The crackdown and arrests further infuriated the already alienated youth who were leading the protests. This led to serious escalation as the government called in the army to stabilise the situation.

    Avinash Kiran asked: Were there reasons other than the presence of chemical weapons that led the Western countries particularly the US to bring about a regime change in Iraq in 2003? More recently, why are they trying to change the regime in Syria ?

    Md. Muddassir Quamar replies: The stated reasons for the 2003 Iraq war were presence of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and harbouring of terrorists that subsequently proved to be exaggerated and erroneous. The actual reason was lingering problems between the United States (US) and Iraq since early 1990s. Iraq had attacked and annexed Kuwait in August 1990. The US responded by launching Operation Desert Storm to liberate Kuwait, which was achieved in January 1991.

    Astana Talks: A Prelude to Peace in Syria

    The tangible results of the Astana process lie in the reduction in violence and functioning of de-escalation zones.

    November 27, 2017

    Islamic State's tryst with chemical weapons in Syria and Iraq

    The Islamic State in Syria and Iraq (ISIS) Jihadist group's indiscriminate use of chemical weapons or agents against civilan and military targets in the last few years violates every international and humanitarian laws. It has not only used the weapons in its violent campaigns, but has attempted to build full-fledged chemical arsenal within its controlled territories which makes it virtually the first non-state actor pursue chemical weapon for military purposes.

    July-December 2017

    Arab Spring and Sectarian Faultlines in West Asia: Bahrain, Yemen and Syria

    • Publisher: Pentagon Press

    Since the outbreak of the Arab unrest, sectarian politics has become more pronounced throughout the West Asian region which is reflected in the growing polarisation of society and politics on narrow sectarian lines. Rulers have adopted sectarian approaches as a measure to secure their regimes.

    • ISBN 978-93-86618-05-4,
    • Price: ₹ 795
    • E-copy available
    2017

    Is President Trump’s Foreign Policy Shaping Up?

    What to make of the combination of Trump’s missile strikes in Syria, changes of mind about China and Russia, warnings to North Korea, signals about scaling up military presence in Afghanistan, and outreach to Turkey?

    April 24, 2017

    Will Khan Sheikhoun Reshape the War in Syria?

    The Syrian decision to use chemical weapons on civilian targets in Khan Sheikhoun in an effort to seek control of the last rebel held territory of Idlib and the US reaction have created a new dynamics in the Syrian crisis.

    April 07, 2017

    Syria’s Sad Predicament

    Is it a matter of such transcendental importance to keep Assad in power or remove him even at the cost of the lives of hundreds of thousands of ordinary Syrians and the displacement of half of the country’s total population?

    October 14, 2016

    Syria: The Cease-Fire that was and wasn’t

    The Kerry-Lavrov agreement did not work because those who had to cease fire were not willing to abide by it.

    September 23, 2016

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