UCPN (Maoist)’s Two-Line Struggle: A Critical Analysis

Nihar R Nayak is Research Fellow at Manohar Parrikar Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses, New Delhi. Click here for detailed profile.
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  • September 2012

    The objective of this article is to critically analyse the discourse within the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) or known as UCPN (Maoist) since its evolution and find out whether the Maoists have adapted themselves to the democratic process well by using democracy as a tool to achieve their own revolutionary political objectives. The article argues that the internal Maoist discourse reflects that there is no change in the UCPN (Maoist) strategy or political goals. They have only changed their tactics to suit the situation. The changes are also more visible at the organisational rather than the ideological level. Since the party is in transition, they may not opt for another round of violent revolution to achieve their political objectives; they will try their best to achieve them through peaceful means. Since the party has already experimented with the radicals' ideas in 2004–2005, the top leaders will be extra careful in the future about letting the radicals dominate the party.