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  • Smruti S Pattanaik

    Research Fellow
    +91 11 2671 7983

    Dr Smruti S Pattanaik at present is a Research Fellow at the MP-IDSA. Her area of specialisation is South Asia. Her current research project is titled as “India’s ‘Near abroad’: What Ails its Neighbourhood Policy”.

    Dr Pattanaik has been a recipient of many international fellowships. She was a visiting Asia fellow (Asian Scholarship Foundation, Bangkok) at the Department of International Relations, Dhaka University in 2004. In 2007 she was also selected for a follow up study grant by the Asian Scholarship Foundation to research on politics of identity in Bangladesh She was also awarded the Kodikara fellowship in 1999 (RCSS, Colombo). As a Postdoctoral Fellow at MSH (Fondation Maison des Science de l’Homme), and the Centre for International Relations and Research (CERI, Science Po), Paris she conducted research on “Broadening Consensus in Fighting Religious Militancy/terrorism: Can Democracy in Pakistan Ensure regional stability”. In addition, she was a visiting Fellow (September-October 2011) at the International Peace Research Institute, Oslo (PRIO) and worked on “Afghanistan: Need for a Regional Approach”. She was a Visiting Professor on ICCR’s India Chair at the University of Colombo for a semester in 2013

    She was selected to attend the Symposium on East Asian Security (SEAS) Program conducted by US State department and USPACOM in 2011. She has lectured on India’s foreign policy and South Asia at the Colombo University, Sir John Korelawala Defence University, Asia Centre in the University of Melbourne, University of Karachi, University of Peshawar and University of Dhaka.

    She was the Course Director of India-Bangladesh studies program jointly conducted by Jamia Millia Islamia and Dhaka University. She developed a course on "Political Developments in Bangladesh 1971-2010" as part of the European Union-funded project on Curriculum Development on Peace building in Europe and South Asia, organised by the Nelson Mandela Centre for Peace and Conflict Resolution, in 2011.

    Dr Pattanaik has published more than 40 articles in various journals, has contributed more than 20 chapters in edited books, and delivered lectures on security issues both in India and abroad. She is a member of IDSA’s task force on neighbouring countries. She is a contributor to the Daily Star (Bangladesh) and is on the Editorial Board of Strategic Analysis. She also coordinates the Pakistan Project at IDSA.

    Other publications

    India and Bangladesh Land and Maritime Boundary Settlement: A Model to Follow

    Select Publications

    • Research Fellow, Manohar Parrikar Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses, Dr. Smruti Pattanaik’s article on COVID-19, titled ‘A Regional Response To COVID-19 Challenge’ has been published by the All India Radio (AIR) World Service, an external services division of AIR, on March 17, 2020.

      The article describes Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s proposal to hold a video conference of SAARC leaders to jointly devise methods to combat COVID 19, declared as a pandemic by WHO, as unique, which engaged the immediate attention of the South Asian region.

      March 17, 2020
      IDSA News
    • In the recent past, several Islamist movements promising to re-establish the pristine political system dating back to the days of the Prophet have captured the mind of believers. Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) is one such movement that grew out of the resentment against the established religious parties’ failure to implement sharia, coupled with Pakistan’s decision to join the war on terror which fuelled religious anxiety that this war was aimed against Islam.

      Journal of Defence Studies
    • Sri Lanka has always featured in any discussion on Indian Ocean geopolitics. However, its geopolitical significance has increased manifold after the end of the long-drawn war that saw the defeat of the LTTE. The manner in which the war concluded brought international focus on the country, as some of the Tamil leaders sought international indulgence to ensure justice is delivered, and peace brought through war results in a meaningful political solution for the Tamils.

      Strategic Analysis
    • Regional strategic dynamics in South Asia is in a state of flux since the announcement of China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). China emphasises on the economic aspect of investment in infrastructures and energy projects, but strategic underpinning are very much apparent. China loan has created indebtedness in these countries and has helped Beijing to gain strategic foothold in the region which India considers as core to its security. India’s aid programme though focuses on the neighbourhood, it remains small compared to China and suffers from delivery deficit.

      Strategic Analysis
    • The Easter bomb blasts is a grim reminder of how the undercurrent of ethno-religious violence remains a dominant factor in Sri Lanka’s chequered history.

      April 29, 2019
      IDSA Comments
    • Research Fellow, IDSA, Dr Smruti Pattanaik’s article on India’s airstrikes in Pakistan, titled ‘Raising the Costs for Pakistan’ was published by The Economic Times on February 26, 2019.

      It was time that India raised the diplomatic and military costs for Pakistan, while taking necessary action to secure itself. Tuesday’s air strike in Balakot reflects this new direction in India’s policy, says Dr Pattanaik.

      Read Complete Article [+]

      February 26, 2019
      IDSA News
    • It remains to be seen whether AL in its third term will be able to address the issue of rampant corruption that has deeply permeated the governance structure as well as the issue of free speech that many believe the ICT Act has impaired.

      December 31, 2018
      IDSA Comments
    • Soft power has become a new currency of power in international relations. It assumes more significance with countries that are sovereign equals but vulnerable to dominance and hegemonic actions by powerful states in international system. Especially in countries that are extremely sovereignty-sensitive, actions through soft power becomes more acceptable as a means of intervention whether it is economic or cultural investment Of dominant powers. American soft power is much more about the attractiveness of America as a liberal democracy.

      Strategic Analysis
    • Of late the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) is receiving sincere attention from its member countries as an organisation that has the potential to transform the region’s political and economic future. This is because there are several bilateral and sub-regional ongoing projects that are seeking to connect the region and bind them together into one economic whole. Apart from this, after the cancellation of the SAARC (South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation) summit in 2017, many would see the BIMSTEC as an alternative to SAARC.

      Strategic Analysis
    • Research Fellow, IDSA, Dr Smruti Pattanaik’s article on BIMSTEC, titled ‘Turning Bimstec into a vehicle for regional cooperation’ was published in The Daily Star on August 31, 2018.

      The article analyses BIMSTEC’s potential to transform the region. The organization will remain a vehicle for transforming eastern South Asia where the members share fairly good relations. With the right mixture of political will and direction, BIMSTEC can deliver in areas where SAARC has not been able to, reads the article.

      August 31, 2018
      IDSA News