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  • S. Kalyanaraman

    Research Fellow
    +91 11 2671 7983
    External Balancing in India’s China Policy
    India-China tensions
    Book Discussion

    Dr. S. Kalyanaraman is a Research Fellow at the Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses. His areas of research are: India’s foreign policy and defence strategy; and, Asian and global security.

    A PhD in International Relations from Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, he has been a Visiting Fellow at the Department of War Studies, Kings College London and a recipient of the Nehru Centenary British Fellowship. He has represented India in the 7-country Track 1.5 dialogue on “Rise of Asia” initiated by the Carnegie Endowment in 2007 and 2008. And he has representedat IDSA in the now-renamed Strategic Studies Network organised by the US National Defense University’s Near East and South Asia Centre.

    Dr. Kalyanaraman has delivered lectureson India’s foreign and security policies as well as on Asian and global security at several civil and military training institutions including National Defence College, New Delhi, Army War College, Mhow, Foreign Service Institute, New Delhi, National Police Academy, Hyderabad, and National Academy of Administration, Mussoorie. Since October 2014, he has also been a member of faculty at the Royal Institute for Governance and Strategic Studies, Phuentsholing, Bhutan.

    Dr. Kalyanaraman is the Editor of the IDSA Website, a member of the Editorial Board of IDSA’s Journal of Defence Studies, and a member of the Editorial Committee of India Quarterly. His publications include: The Future of War and Peace in Asia ; “The Theory and Practice of Civil-Military Relations” ; “The Sources of Military Change in India” ; “Nehru’s Advocacy of Internationalism and Indian Foreign Policy” ; “The Context of the Cease-Fire Decision in the 1965 India-Pakistan War” .

    Select Publications

    • In this first of two volumes, Air Vice Marshal Arjun Subramaniam offers excellent and concise histories of India’s wars and military operations, starting with the rescue and partial liberation of Jammu and Kashmir in 1947-48 from depredating Pakistani irregulars and ending with the 1971 war for the liberation of Bangladesh from Pakistan’s genocidal rule. Based on published material available, and supplementing it with interviews, Subramaniam’s India’s Wars provides a layered perspective on the strategic, operational and tactical aspects of these wars and operations.

      Journal of Defence Studies
    • It is a widely held belief that the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) was highly relevant for India and its foreign policy interests during the bipolar era of the Cold War and that it has, since the 1990s, lost this relevance in a unipolar international order.

      September 29, 2016
      IDSA News
    • Research Fellow, IDSA, Dr S Kalyanaraman’s article on Asia-Pacific, titled ‘Asia-Pacific – Fulcrum of the International System’ was published in the July, 2016 issue of the Defence and Security Alert magazine.

      July 14, 2016
      IDSA News
    • June 10, 2016
    • Ceding PoK as part of a settlement does not comport with India’s national and strategic interests, especially in terms of dealing with the challenge posed by China-Pakistan collaboration.

      May 03, 2016
      IDSA Comments
    • Shooting for a Century: Finding Answers to the India–Pakistan Conundrum, by Stephen P. Cohen

      Journal of Defence Studies
    • Chairperson: Lt Gen HS Lidder (Retd)
      External Discussants: Vice Adm Anup Singh (Retd), Lt Gen Prakash Menon (Retd) and Professor Rajesh Rajagopalan
      Internal Discussant: Col PK Gautam (Retd)

      January 17, 2014
    • Nearly 2,500 years ago the Greek historian Thucydides noted that the foreign policy of Athens was driven by fear, interest and honour.

      Strategic Analysis
    • The United Kingdom (UK) is keen on establishing a ‘stronger, wider and deeper’ relationship with India. It is ‘determined to make’ defence cooperation ‘an essential part’ of this relationship. London sees such a relationship with an India that will shape the twenty-first century as ‘an essential pillar’ in its ‘broader strategy’ to fashion a role for itself in Asia.

      Journal of Defence Studies
    • The Indian intervention in Sri Lanka throws up five major lessons for future regional stability operations. Firstly, it is imperative to define the mission unambiguously and establish a clear mandate. Secondly, there is need for a robust military contingency planning process as well as discussions at various levels within the system to refine plans and provide an adequate force to meet possible eventualities. Thirdly, clear command and control needs to be established at the outset and the appropriate field formation must be designated as the headquarters.

      Journal of Defence Studies