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  • S. Kalyanaraman

    Research Fellow
    +91 11 2671 7983

    Dr. S. Kalyanaraman is a Research Fellow at the Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses. His areas of research are: India’s foreign policy and defence strategy; and, Asian and global security.

    A PhD in International Relations from Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, he has been a Visiting Fellow at the Department of War Studies, Kings College London and a recipient of the Nehru Centenary British Fellowship. He has represented India in the 7-country Track 1.5 dialogue on “Rise of Asia” initiated by the Carnegie Endowment in 2007 and 2008. And he has represented IDSA in the now-renamed Strategic Studies Network organised by the US National Defense University’s Near East and South Asia Centre.

    Dr. Kalyanaraman has delivered lectures on India’s foreign and security policies as well as on Asian and global security at several civil and military training institutions including National Defence College, New Delhi, Army War College, Mhow, Foreign Service Institute, New Delhi, National Police Academy, Hyderabad, and National Academy of Administration, Mussoorie. Since October 2014, he has also been a member of faculty at the Royal Institute for Governance and Strategic Studies, Phuentsholing, Bhutan.

    Dr. Kalyanaraman is the Editor of the IDSA Website, a member of the Editorial Board of IDSA’s Journal of Defence Studies, and a member of the Editorial Committee of India Quarterly. His publications include: The Future of War and Peace in Asia ; “The Theory and Practice of Civil-Military Relations” ; “The Sources of Military Change in India” ; “Nehru’s Advocacy of Internationalism and Indian Foreign Policy” ; “The Context of the Cease-Fire Decision in the 1965 India-Pakistan War” .

    External Balancing in India’s China Policy
    India-China tensions
    Book Discussion

    Select Publications

    • This Brief offers an overview of India’s long established as well as more recent external defence and security priorities, and delineates the three options available to the Defence Planning Committee under the extant economic and geopolitical circumstances.

      May 24, 2018
      Policy Brief
    • External balancing is re-emerging as an element of policy driven by the yawning power asymmetry between India and China and China’s turn towards assertive behaviour and territorial claims.

      March 28, 2018
      Issue Brief
    • Research Fellow, IDSA, Dr S Kalyanaraman’s article on India-Japan Strategic partnership to safeguard Asian Territorial Order, titled ‘India, Japan and Preservation of the Asian Territorial Order’ was published in E-International Relations on December 24, 2017.

      Read article

      December 24, 2017
      IDSA News
    • Geo-economics was one among several ideational constructs postulated as the likely defining characteristic of international politics after the end of the Cold War. A neologism coined by Edward Luttwak, the construct was premised on 'the waning importance of military power' in the interactions among the core states of the international system, that is, those located in North America, West Europe, and East Asia.

      Strategic Analysis
    • In this first of two volumes, Air Vice Marshal Arjun Subramaniam offers excellent and concise histories of India’s wars and military operations, starting with the rescue and partial liberation of Jammu and Kashmir in 1947-48 from depredating Pakistani irregulars and ending with the 1971 war for the liberation of Bangladesh from Pakistan’s genocidal rule. Based on published material available, and supplementing it with interviews, Subramaniam’s India’s Wars provides a layered perspective on the strategic, operational and tactical aspects of these wars and operations.

      Journal of Defence Studies
    • It is a widely held belief that the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) was highly relevant for India and its foreign policy interests during the bipolar era of the Cold War and that it has, since the 1990s, lost this relevance in a unipolar international order.

      September 29, 2016
      IDSA News
    • Research Fellow, IDSA, Dr S Kalyanaraman’s article on Asia-Pacific, titled ‘Asia-Pacific – Fulcrum of the International System’ was published in the July, 2016 issue of the Defence and Security Alert magazine.

      July 14, 2016
      IDSA News
    • June 10, 2016
    • Ceding PoK as part of a settlement does not comport with India’s national and strategic interests, especially in terms of dealing with the challenge posed by China-Pakistan collaboration.

      May 03, 2016
      IDSA Comments
    • Shooting for a Century: Finding Answers to the India–Pakistan Conundrum, by Stephen P. Cohen

      Journal of Defence Studies