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  • Prasanta Kumar Pradhan

    Associate Fellow
    +91 11 2671 7983

    Joined IDSA

    June 2008


    Conflict and Human rights, Politics and Foreign Policy of Saudi Arabia


    PhD in West Asian Studies, School of International Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi


    He completed his doctoral thesis on Human Rights in Islam: The Case of Saudi Arabia in 2007. Before joining the Institute, he worked as a Research Associate at the Institute for Conflict Management, New Delhi, from December 2006 till June 2008.

    Select Publications

    • The GCC-Iran Conflict and its Implications for the Gulf Region, Strategic Analysis, Volume-35, No-2, March 2011.
    • GCC-Iran Rivalry and Strategic challenges for India in the Gulf, Indian Foreign Affairs Journal, Volume-6, No. 1, January-March 2011.
    • Recent Human Rights Reforms in Saudi Arabia, in Gulshan Dietl (ed.), Democratisation in the Gulf (New Delhi: Shipra Publications, 2010).
    • Quest for Nuclear Energy in West Asia: Energy Security or Strategic Necessity, Strategic Analysis, Volume-34, No-6, November 2010.
    • India and Gulf Cooperation Council: Time to Look beyond Business, Strategic Analysis, Volume-34, No-3, May 2010.

    Other Publications

    Select Publications

    • While the political process is delicately poised and is making slow progress, there remain gigantic challenges to surmount. The main issues of contention among the different groups are sharing of political power, fight for control over Libya’s huge petroleum resources, and accommodating the armed groups loyal to different factions into a unified national military force.

      Africa Trends
    • Visiting ‘brother’ Pakistan and ‘friend’ India at a time when tensions are running high both in West Asia and South Asia, Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman walked the India-Pakistan tightrope with extreme caution.

      February 25, 2019
      IDSA Comments
    • Facing huge political and security challenges in the Arabian Peninsula, Saudi Arabia now looks westward to the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden coast for a new regional security arrangement.

      January 15, 2019
      IDSA Comments
    • In June 2017, Saudi Arabia, UAE, Bahrain and Egypt cut off diplomatic ties with Qatar. They accused Qatar of supporting extremist and terror groups in the region, having close ties with Iran, undermining the security and stability of the Gulf region, and using the satellite television network Al Jazeera as a propaganda machine. They also put up a list of demands before Qatar, to be accepted within 10 days in order to end the boycott.

      Strategic Analysis
      • Publisher: Pentagon Press

      Since the outbreak of the Arab unrest, sectarian politics has become more pronounced throughout the West Asian region which is reflected in the growing polarisation of society and politics on narrow sectarian lines. Rulers have adopted sectarian approaches as a measure to secure their regimes.

      • ISBN 978-93-86618-05-4,
      • Price: ₹ 795
      • E-copy available
    • The GCC is witnessing a massive diplomatic crisis because of Riyadh’s assertiveness, on the one hand, and Doha’s resistance to a Saudi-dominated regional order, on the other.

      June 27, 2017
      IDSA Comments
    • The end of decades of autocratic rule in Egypt is marked by the beginning of a march towards a democratic political system and the rise to power of the Muslim Brotherhood.

      Africa Trends
    • Despite political differences over regional issues, India and Saudi Arabia are intensifying cooperation on issues of mutual interest such as terrorism, piracy, security cooperation, and intelligence sharing.

      April 06, 2016
      IDSA Comments
      • Publisher: Pentagon Press

      The West Asian region is undergoing a phase of massive turbulence since the outbreak of the Arab Spring. This period has been marked by popular protests, internal conflicts, civil wars, military interventions and involvement of external players. The regional security situation remains fragile with a new terrorist entity, the Islamic State, emerging to challenge the existing geographical boundaries of the region. There has been an enormous increase in terrorism and extremism, and the non-state actors have gained significant influence in regional politics.

      • ISBN 978-81-8274-877-4,
      • Price: ₹ 995.00
      • E-copy available
    • Egypt under President Gamal Abdel Nasser and India under the leadership of its first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru were the torchbearers of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM). Their commitment to socialism also kept both the leaders and countries drawn towards each other.

      September 01, 2015
      IDSA Comments