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  • Anand Kumar

    Associate Fellow
    +91 11 2671 7983

    Dr. Anand Kumar is an Associate Fellow at the Manohar Parrikar Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses (MP-IDSA), New Delhi. After completing his PhD from the School of International Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) on “Germany and UN Peacekeeping Operations in the post-Cold War Era”, he joined MP-IDSA in 2007. Over the years, Dr. Kumar has worked on strategic issues gaining reputation as a leading security expert. His areas of specialization at MP-IDSA are Counter-terrorism, South Asian politics, Bangladesh, Maldives, Proliferation of Small Arms and Low intensity conflicts. He has completed two projects at MP-IDSA: “Emerging Challenges and Opportunities in Indo-Bangladesh Relations”, and “Terrorism Challenges in Bangladesh”, and is currently engaged in studying “Bangladesh and Its Security Relationship with External Powers. Before joining MP-IDSA, he worked at the South Asia Analysis Group on similar themes. He has also been with the Institute for Conflict Management which specializes on counter-terrorism. Dr. Kumar also has a good understanding of European politics.

    He has authored two books and has an edited volume. His latest book Multi-party Democracy in the Maldives and the Emerging Security Environment in the Indian Ocean Region was published by Pentagon Press, New Delhi in 2016. His first book Return from the Precipice: Bangladesh’s Fight against Terrorism, and the edited volume The Terror Challenge in South Asia and Prospect of Regional Cooperation were also published by Pentagon Security International, New Delhi. He has published over 30 research papers in reputed journals and edited books. He has delivered lectures on security issues both in India and abroad. He has participated and presented papers in national and international conferences. His article “Shaikh Hasina’s Visit to India and the future of Indo-Bangladesh Relations” was published by the Royal Society for Asia Affairs, London in their official journal Asian Affairs. He has published hundreds of articles in leading newspapers and magazines, including “Insurgency in South Asia muted by war on terror,” The Washington Times, January 16, 2004, and “The Jihadi Next Door,” The Washington Times, May 20, 2010.

    Other Publications

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    • Associate Fellow, Manohar Parrikar IDSA, Dr. Anand Kumar's book on Bangladesh titled, 'Bangladesh and its Security Relationship with External Powers' has been published by KW Publishers.

      More Details [+]

      August 18, 2021
      IDSA News
      • Publisher: KW Publishers
      A state’s security is heavily dependent upon its geopolitical environment. The geopolitical setting of South Asia changed in 1971 with the birth of Bangladesh as a new, independent nation. India already faces a hostile neighbour on its western border. In the north, China is a major threat. In this geopolitical setting the kind of relationship India has developed with Bangladesh becomes important.

      The military coup of August 1975 in Bangladesh marked a major shift in the way the country perceived its foreign and defence policies. India, its supporter in the liberation war, was now presented as the main threat to national security. A country’s defence policy and defence-related procurements depend on the threat perception of that country. Bangladesh, despite being a poor country, has tried to acquire significant defence capability mainly due to its perceived sense of insecurity and to some extent to participate in the United Nations peacekeeping operations. Some of the steps taken by Bangladesh purportedly to enhance its own security have meant that the security environment in the region has actually deteriorated. In this context Bangladesh’s security relationship with other major powers has significant implications for Indian security, and the book tries to throw light on it.

      • ISBN: 978 93 91490 15 7 ,
      • Price: ₹. 980/-
      • E-copy available
    • The domestic politics of the Maldives might significantly change if the position of the MDP government weakens. It might change the flavour of India–Maldives bilateral relationship and will also have an impact on the security environment in the Indian Ocean region.

      August 13, 2021
      IDSA Comments
    • The Russia–Myanmar relationship is gathering strength. Bangladesh wants to use the increasing bonhomie between Russia and Myanmar to start a tri-lateral process to reach an amicable solution to the Rohingya refugee crisis.

      August 06, 2021
      IDSA Comments
    • Anand Kumar’s article ‘India needs a plan to recover PoK’ has been published in Daily Associate Fellow, Manohar Parrikar IDSA, Dr. Anand Kumar’s article ‘India needs a plan to recover PoK’ has been published in Daily, on August 04, 2021.

      Though India has denounced the attempt of Pakistan to hold fake elections in PoK, it has to come up with other strategies to highlight the illegal occupation of PoK by Pakistan. Only occasional statements in this regard would not be sufficient, says Dr. Kumar.

      August 04, 2021
      IDSA News
    • Associate Fellow, Manohar Parrikar IDSA, Dr. Anand Kumar’s article ‘Migration from Bangladesh’ has been published in Daily Excelsior on July 17, 2021.

      The issue of illegal migration can’t be swept under the carpet given its magnitude and the sentiments of people in the northeastern India who fear being swamped by the people continuously coming from across the border. Attempt should be made to sort out this issue in an amicable way without hurting the India-Bangladesh bilateral relationship which is perhaps enjoying its best phase, says Dr. Kumar.

      July 17, 2021
      IDSA News
    • Anand Kumar’s Article on Illegal Infiltration from Bangladesh Published in Amar Ujala

      Associate Fellow, Manohar Parrikar IDSA, Dr. Anand Kumar’s article on illegal infiltration from Bangladesh has been published in leading Hindi daily ‘Amar Ujala’ on July 12, 2021.


      July 12, 2021
      IDSA News
    • Associate Fellow Manohar Parrikar IDSA, Dr. Anand Kumar’s article ‘Why China won’t let India rise peacefully’ has been published in ‘The Statesman’ on September 23, 2020.

      September 23, 2020
      IDSA News
    • Given the assertive foreign policy followed by China and the desperation of Pakistan after the abolition of Article 370, India has to follow a proactive foreign policy. It is only India’s proactiveness that can keep both China and Pakistan in check in Bangladesh.

      February 04, 2021
      IDSA Comments
    • Associate Fellow, Manohar Parrikar IDSA, Dr. Anand Kumar’s article on India-Bangladesh relations has been published in Hindi daily ‘Amar Ujala’ on September 11, 2020.

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      September 11, 2020
      IDSA News