India-Brazil-South Africa (IBSA)

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  • Tazir asked: What is the fundamental difference between IBSA, BRICS and BASIC?

    Raviprasad Narayanan replies: There is no palpable difference in these expressions of multilateralism. They could be interpreted as multilateral ‘groupings’ striving to go beyond the straitjacket of existing institutions like the United Nations and its cabalistic attitude to international security.

    Address by H.E. Mr. André Aranha Corrêa do Lago, Ambassador of Brazil

    April 02, 2019
    1030 to 1300 hrs

    China and IBSA: Possible BRICS Overreach?

    The India–Brazil–South Africa (IBSA) forum, which was formalised in June 2003 through the adoption of the Brasilia Declaration based on the spirit of South–South solidarity, turns a decade old in 2013. The event will be celebrated at its first decadal summit in New Delhi. At the same time, this event needs to be juxtaposed with the fifth consecutive leadership summit of Brazil–Russia–India–China–South Africa (BRICS) in Durban in March 2013. Both IBSA and BRICS are in the limelight for their cross-continental politics.

    May 2013

    IBSA at 10: South–South development assistance and the challenge to build international legitimacy in a changing global order

    This commentary engages with the IBSA model of South–South development assistance. It focuses on the IBSA Trust Fund to demonstrate the growing political relevance of the partnership in development assistance initiatives. This is followed by an analysis of Brazil's increasing participation in South–South development assistance in many developing countries around the world.

    May 2013

    IBSA: Avoiding Being BRICked Up

    In his opening address at the 2011 India-Brazil-South Africa (IBSA) summit held in Pretoria/Tshwane, President Jacob Zuma of South Africa said the essence of the grouping was ‘Back to Basics: When Democracy and Development Work Together for a Better Life’.

    May 2013

    Ruchien asked: Why is IBSA called south-south organisation?

    Reply: Refer to the IDSA report on IBSA, ‘Outlook for the India-Brazil-South Africa (IBSA) Dialogue Forum’, at; and the report of IDSA roundtable on ‘IBSA Dialogue Forum: Problems and Prospects’, at

    Shubhda Chaudhary: Has IBSA become redundant now that South Africa has acceded to the BRICS group?

    Ruchita Beri replies: IBSA will continue to be relevant despite South Africa’s accession to the BRICS group. We must remember that the IBSA dialogue forum brings together three large democratic countries from different continents - Asia, Africa and South America. In comparison to BRICS, the IBSA has managed to develop a framework of multi-sectoral cooperation. Various working groups set up under the rubric of the IBSA dialogue forum has taken diverse initiatives towards South-South cooperation.

    Further, IBSA countries have been successful in coordinating positions at the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) on issues of global concern. This was quite evident by the visit of IBSA representatives to Syria and the coordination of positions in this context by the three countries at the UNSC. In the case of BRICS, the fact that it is a more diverse grouping composed of democracies as well as autocracies with differing geopolitical interests, limits the possibilities of synchronizing positions.

    Portuguese-speaking countries: a new niche for Indian foreign policy?

    If India wants to engage with the “Global South” in a more meaningful way, it should recognize its Anglophone bias and consider developing relations with Portuguese-speaking countries and thus open one more front in its foreign policy.

    August 26, 2010

    Expanding the Horizons of Indian Foreign Policy

    Like NAM, neither the IBSA nor any other forum will be permanent or best, though they are just one step in hopefully a direction to find a better and just global political order.

    July 19, 2010

    Brazil in South America: The Awakening of the Giant

    Since the beginning of the Lula administration in 2003, Brazilian foreign policy has been re-oriented towards a renewed and more extended approach to regional politics. Under Lula, Brazil’s foreign policy approach to South America has been outlined by a kind of ‘pragmatic solidarity’ towards its neighbours.

    December 24, 2008