Foreign Policy

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  • Pakistan’s Foreign Policy: Trends and Challenges

    Pakistan's most critical foreign policy concerns in the last few years relate to the deadlock in relations with India and India's success in isolating Pakistan regionally and internationally due to its support for terrorism. The success of its peace overtures to Afghanistan are constrained by various complexities arising out of the unpredictable situation in Afghanistan and the role of external powers like the US, China and Russia in the ongoing peace process.

    Rathiesh Narayanan asked: Does India have its own International Relations (IR) theory?

    Manudev asked: What is the importance of South America in general and Brazil, Argentina and Venezuela in particular in India's foreign policy?

    Sanjay Badri-Maharaj replies: The Latin America-Caribbean (LAC) region, in general, has been accorded limited priority in Indian foreign policy.

    Navneet Kumar asked: What does the term ‘de-hyphenation’ mean in the foreign policy context?

    Ashok Kumar Behuria replies: In international politics, de-hyphenation means dealing with two countries, having adversarial relationship between them, in an independent manner. This would mean building relationship with one, ignoring the complexities of its relations with the other. If a third country were to be too conscious of the adversarial relations between two such countries, locked in enduring hostility, it is likely to face foreign policy challenges in conducting smooth relationship with both.

    Averting India’s Fall into a Geopolitical Trap

    Prime Minister Narendra Modi has made a foreign policy course-correction after realising that the strategic tilt towards the United States has not only grossly upset India’s geopolitical image but also undermined national interests.

    July 06, 2018

    Will Great-Power Conflict Return?

    Geopolitical competition between the great powers with or without direct conflict will lead to a situation where productive cooperation among them on critical international issues is likely to prove difficult.

    April 06, 2018

    Asia in international relations: unlearning imperial power relations

    The discipline of International Relations (IR) is deeply enmeshed in the history, intellectual traditions and agency claims of the West, thus obscuring the contributions from the non-Western world. IR theory fails to take cognisance of the global distribution of the various actors along with their contribution to a heterogeneous and rich discipline. There is a pressing need for a departure from IR’s historic complicity with marginalisation and the silencing of alternative epistemologies, thereby making its process of knowledge production truly global and democratic.

    January 2018

    External Balancing in India’s China Policy

    External balancing is re-emerging as an element of policy driven by the yawning power asymmetry between India and China and China’s turn towards assertive behaviour and territorial claims.

    March 28, 2018

    Return the Favour with a Thousand Cuts: India’s Pakistan Policy

    The current policy is premised on the understanding that unless India hurts the principal architect of Pakistan’s Kashmir policy, that is, the Army, terrorism would continue unabated.

    March 22, 2018

    Meghna Kashyap asked: What is Cold War 2.0? What could be its implications for the global politics as well as for India?

    S. Kalyanaraman replies: Cold War 2.0 is a misleading term that has come to be employed by excitable commentators for characterising the United States-Russia relations in recent years. Drawing upon the analogy of the Cold War rivalry between the United States (US) and the Soviet Union to describe US-Russia relations in the current era is, however, misleading because of three main reasons.

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