International Relations

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  • Vineet Ravindran asked: Is the US containment of China actually a means to restore the American hegemony? Does the US still follow the Wolfowitz Doctrine?

    Prashant Kumar Singh replies: The so-called Wolfowitz Doctrine was a controversial “Defense Planning Guidance” prepared in 1992 under the supervision of then US Under Secretary of Defense for Policy Paul Wolfowitz.

    Shashank Mittal asked: How can India's Arctic Policy be analysed from an International Relations theory perspective?

    Non-Traditional Security Centre replies: India published its first Arctic Policy document on 17 March 2022. The document highlights India’s near and long-term national objectives for the Arctic. From a theoretical perspective, it can be argued that India’s Arctic Policy calls for advancing ‘science diplomacy’ through which it seeks to strengthen and advance its existing cooperation with all the Arctic states.

    Sanskriti asked: How will the Russia–Ukraine crisis affect the multipolarity of the world order and India's role in it?

    Ashok Kumar Behuria replies: The Russia–Ukraine crisis does not necessarily negate the concept of multipolarity as much as perceived bipolarity because of ongoing competition between the United States (US) and China for global influence, if not leadership. However, it has certainly shattered the hopes of multipolarity as an essential condition for peace and prosperity in the world.

    Rahul P. Singh asked: How can the Chinese reluctance to solve the boundary dispute be explained from a neorealist perspective?

    Prashant Kumar Singh replies: The essence of the neorealist perspective in international relations is that the structure of the international system is anarchic and that the states are "unitary rational actors existing in a ‘self-help’ system". A “self-help” system means that “each state must fend for itself”.

    Abhishek Singh asked: Is the Indian foreign policy being increasingly shaped by the neoliberal outlook?

    Ashok Kumar Behuria replies: The term 'neoliberalism' has an economic refrain. It advocates a free market, laissez-faire economy. In international relations, neoliberal institutionalism has a slightly modified tenor that lays emphasis on economic interdependence which has been a marked feature of international politics in the post-Cold War period. Such interdependence leads to inter-connectedness and linkage that ensures peace and reduces the probability of conflict between states.

    Prakrut Chauhan asked: What is the basic difference between collective defence and collective security?

    Kishore Kumar Khera replies: Defence is a term used for actions or set of actions undertaken by an individual, system, entity, organisation or a state to mitigate damage from an attack or a possible attack. It normally but not necessarily relates to actions against physical aggression. Nowadays virtual dimension too is added in the overarching definition of defence.

    Two Decades After 9/11: The Liberal Security Community Lies in Tatters

    It may seem premature to discuss the advent of an illiberal global order, however, the numerous catalytic events of recent years and the apparent decline of American heft in shaping global norms and structures might indicate that the international system is on the cusp of a major transformation.

    October 12, 2021

    Mohammad Hussain asked: Is there any conceptual difference between international affairs and international relations?

    Arpita Anant replies: There is no conceptual difference between international affairs and international relations as both are ‘international’. The two are often used interchangeably. But there is a slight difference in their scope. International relations refers to a field of study comprising political, social and economic relations among nations.

    Taliban Talks to “International Community”

    The choice of words Taliban employs to communicate with the international community is symptomatic not only of the limits of inter-cultural communication, but also depicts how meanings move across geo-cultural spaces and that “right” vocabularies are being used indeed as a qualifier to join the community of nations.

    September 03, 2021

    Ajay Kumar asked: How are rising powers challenging the US and Western dominance in IMF and the World Bank?

    Rajeesh Kumar replies: Western powers, particularly the United States (US), predominate the two major post-World War international financial institutions, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank. The US is the only country with sufficient voting power to have a de facto veto right in both these institutions over certain decisions.

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