STRATEGIC ANALYSIS

Left-Wing Extremism and Counterinsurgency in India: The ‘Andhra Model’

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  • July 2013
    Volume: 
    37
    Issue: 
    4
    Articles

    India has a long history of left-wing extremism. The largest and most powerful left-wing extremist group today is the Communist Party of India (CPI) (Maoist), which is active in many states across the country. Its ultimate goal is to capture power through a combination of armed insurgency and mass mobilisation. In recent times, the southern state of Andhra Pradesh has achieved notable success in counterinsurgency operations against the Maoists. This article outlines the ‘Andhra model’, which involves a mix of security, development and political approaches. It also examines whether this model can be replicated in other Indian states affected by left-wing extremism.

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