China's UN Diplomacy: 1971–2011

Zhang Guihong is Associate Professor and Deputy Director at the Institute of International Studies, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, P.R.C. He specialises on US security strategy towards Asia-Pacific, especially the South Asia region.
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  • November 2011

    UN diplomacy is an important part of China's overall foreign policy and the main manifestation of China's multilateral diplomacy. As a permanent member of UN Security Council, China plays a vital role in the fields of security, development and human rights. China's position on UN reform reflects the interests and desires of the majority of developing countries. China's UN diplomacy is distinctive but faces many challenges. Based on the principles of the equality of sovereignty, collective security and consensus among major powers, the United Nations needs to adapt to the new reality and trend in international relations. China should make efforts to advocate the ideas of a harmonious world, international democracy and global governance, and strengthen the capability building for better contribution. India has great potential to play a more important role in the United Nations, but still needs to do more and better before it becomes a possible permanent member of the reformed UN Security Council.