JOURNAL OF DEFENCE STUDIES

China’s Expanding Footprint in Nepal: Threats to India

Satish Kumar is a Senior Lecturer at the MMH College, Department of Political Science, CCSU, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh.
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  • April 2011
    Volume: 
    5
    Issue: 
    2
    Focus

    Nepal used to be a safe zone for India. China was least interested in Nepal till 1950s. But strategic design changed once China forcefully occupied Tibet. Nehru tried to strengthen the Indian positioning in Himalayan sphere vis-àvis China. Things became more complicated once China started intruding in Nepal. This article tries to see the emerging Chinese threats from Nepal. Since 1,751 km India-Nepal border runs through 20 districts of five Indian states. The India-Nepal border is open. China has tried through its long strategy to erase Nepalese dependency on India. The Maoist forces in Nepal have played the China card to balance India. Rails and roads infrastructures have created a route through which China can move to Indian heartland. The economic and other Chinese packages are designed to weaken India’s strategic gain in Nepal. If Chinese wave continues unabated in Nepal, India might face multiple security threats in future.

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