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  • Strategic Materials: A Resource Challenge for India

    Strategic Materials: A Resource Challenge for India
    Author
    2014
    Publisher: Pentagon Press
    ISBN 978-81-8274-786-9
    Price: ₹. 795/- Purchase Download E-copy

    About the Book

    The scramble for natural resources is not a new phenomenon. Every state, either developed or developing, is always found busy ‘managing’ resources for its sustenance and growth. Minerals (also called materials) is one the crucial natural resource which plays a significant part in the development of both civilian and military industrial complexes of nation-states. There are a few minerals which are categorized as ‘strategic’ because of their importance for the industries and owing to natural and man-made difficulties in their procurement. This work debates the issues of strategic materials and their importance for nation-states. There has been an attempt here to contextualize the importance of strategic materials from a national security perspective. This study presents a macro view with regard to India’s strategic minerals architecture and undertakes analysis to understand current and futuristic challenges and opportunities in this sector, and offers a few recommendations based on the assessment undertaken. Issues related to Rare Earth and new materials are also discussed.

    Contents

    Acknowledgments
    List of Figures and Tables
    The Thought

    1. Introduction
    2. Strategic Materials: An Overview
      Mineral Chemistry
      Important Materials
      Elucidating Strategic Minerals
    3. Global Distribution of Strategic Mineral Resources
      Africa
      Australia
      Brazil
      China
      India
      United States
    4. Risk Assessment of India
      India’s Strategic Materials ‘Resource Management’ Assessment
      Broad Evaluation
      In closing
    5. India’s Import Dependency
      DRC
      Australia
      Brazil
      China
      Russia
      United States
    6. Challenges for the Indian Mining Sector
      Environmental Impacts of Mining
      Impacts of Open Pit Mining
      Threat fromNaxalism
      Illegal Mining
    7. Rare Earth Materials
      What are REEs?
      Explicit REE Significance
      Global REE Deposits and Mining Processes
      REEs and China
      Challenging the Chinese Monopoly
      India and REEs
      REEs on the Critical List
      Wrapping up
    8. Emerging Materials
      Graphene
      Germanane
      Stanene
      Metamaterials
      3D Printing Technology
      Molybdenum disulphide
      New Solar Cells
      Shape Memory Alloys
      Self-Healing Artificial Material
      Boron, Aluminium and Magnesium (BAM) ‘Ceramic’ Alloy
      Ceramic Matrix Composites (CMC)
      Qingsongite
    9. Conclusion and Recommendations

    APPENDICES
    Appendix A: History of Mining and Evolution of Mineral Legislation in India
    Appendix B: MMDR Act, 1957
    Appendix C: MMDR Act, 1957; Amended up to 10th May, 2012
    Appendix D: Press Release MMDR Bill, 2011, September 2011
    Appendix E: Press Release MMDR Bill, August 2013

    Index

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