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  • China's Path To Power: Party, Military and the Politics of State Transition

    China's Path To Power: Party, Military and the Politics of State Transition
    Publisher: Pentagon Security International
    ISBN 978-81-8274-482-0
    Price: ₹. 695/- Purchase Download E-copy

    Book Review

    About the Book

    This book portrays how China's state transformation is taking place or moving without much notice through trial and error, which seems awfully cautious, balanced and systematic. Specially, it addresses the discourse of State transformation in China, contextualizing its progress and timely transformation in the military, civil-military, political and socio-economic terms. Scholars have tried to examine this discourse time and again. But again they have neglected to do that through “institutional” parameters. That means; literature is still lacking in identifying the changes in China’s systemic regime politics, particularly in military, civil-military ties, and economic terms at one place. Not many in India have tried to judge or identify China’s progress through its systemic transformation in institutional terms. Therefore, this study claims to be the opening of its kind from this region.

    The bearings of this study are universal. It further intends to narrate how China’s systemic internal changes would manifest its external bearings and contribute to the discourse of the “rise of China”. China’s domestic conditions, it needs to be noted emphatically, contribute greatly to its external posture. This book has tried to highlight some of the emerging issues manifested in China’s overall State transformation. It has addressed the underlying factors of this change through military modernization, Party-military dynamics, regime politics, the regime’s process of taking decisions, and the complexity of the Chinese economic growth. How China is keeping a balance on many problematic fronts to pace its progress in a complex domestic order is in itself an interesting topic for study.

    This year-long project in IDSA started as an attempt to examine the domestic order of China’s transitional politics. Separately, each chapter of this book has tried to offer a pragmatist assessment and granular insight into the particular issues they address in Chinese politics of State transformation, and identify numerous specific evolving dynamics worthy of policy relevance. The book seeks to argue about the emerging character of the regime and the nation-building approach through military and socio-economic means without upsetting China’s social stability. It is by no means an ultimate examination of all the transitional processes or discourses China is going through. But the analyses presented in this book reflect upon three broad, related themes in contemporary Chinese politics: political transition, nation building through military transformation and evolution of China as a State.

    About the Author

    Dr. Jagannath P. Panda is Associate Fellow at the China & South/East Asia cluster of the Institute for Defense Studies and Analyses (IDSA), New Delhi. This book is a research output of his year-long effort in the cluster. Prior to joining IDSA, Dr. Panda worked as Centrally Administered Fellow at the Indian Council for Social Science Research (ICSSR) of the Ministry of HRD, Govt. of India, New Delhi. He is a recipient of the V.K. Krishna Menon memorial Gold Medal for his excellent academic record in International law and diplomacy from the prestigious Indian Society of International Law (ISIL), New Delhi.

    Dr. Panda was an institutional fellow at the Shanghai Institute for International Studies (SIIS), Shanghai from June 2009 to September 2009. He was also a visiting faculty at the National Chung-Hsing University (NCHU) in Taiwan from April 2010 to July 2010 under the NSC fellowship. As Associate Fellow at IDSA, he has worked as a lead member on various Task-Force projects from DRDO and Govt. of India on issues to China and Tibet.


    Foreword by Prof. V.P. Dutt, Distinguished Fellow, IDSA
    Preface and Acknowledgements
    List of Tables and Charts
    List of Abbreviations and Key Chinese Terminologies

    Chapter I

    I. The Dialogue on China’s Transition
    II. ‘Systemic Incrementalism’
    III. The Current Study

    Chapter II

    The Discourse of Regime Politics and its Character
    I. The Core of the Argument
    II. Framing the Dialogue of ‘Hybrid Regime’
    III. Regime Categorization and China
    IV. Election as a Factor
    V. Extra-electoral Factors
    VI. Adjusting to the Demand and Supply Mechanism
    VII. The Complexity

    Chapter III

    The Course of Making Decisions and Strategy
    I. The Complexity of the Decision-making Process
    II. Leaders and their Decisions and Strategy
    III. Current Structure and the Process of Decision-making
    IV. New Actors and their Contributions
    V. Mark of a ‘Great Power’?

    Chapter IV

    Politics Command the Economy
    China’s Course of ‘Privatization’, Tryst with Globalization and Transition
    I. The Core of China’s Economic Success
    II. Crux of the Argument
    III. Contextualizing the Case of Privatization
    IV. Mao to Deng: The Nature of the Economy in the Early Years
    V. 1992 and After
    VI. Complexity of China’s Privatization Course

    Chapter V

    Revolution in Military Affairs
    China’s Approach to Fortifying its Comprehensive National Power
    I. The Core of the Debate
    II. China as a Military Power: The Context
    III. RMA: The Key to China’s Military Transformation
    IV. A Continuing Dialogue
    V. CNP as the National Goal
    VI. RMA as a Political-Military Notion
    VII. Non-military Connotation of RMA
    VIII. Military Budget and Technological Drives
    IX. National Security Objectives
    X. RMA, the Monolithic Military and National Security Objectives
    XI. What Could it Imply for India?

    Chapter VI

    Civil-Military Dynamics
    I. The Historical Accounts
    II. Framing the Discourse
    III. The Military in Politics
    IV. Beyond Symbiosis
    V. Hu Jintao and Party-Military Politics
    VI. Hu Jintao’s Military Thought and Fourth/Fifth-generation Leaders
    VII. Waning of Military Representation
    VIII. Increasing Importance of the State
    IX. Future Power Politics: An Assessment

    Chapter VII


    A. China’s Current Top Leaders: A Backgrounder
    B. Structure of the Chinese State: A Note
    C. White Paper, China’s Political Party System, Information Office of the State Council of the People’s Republic of China; November 15, 2007, Beijing.
    D. Influential (Select) Think-tanks in China Today: A Note
    E. Recent Important Chinese writings and Views on India

    Select Bibliography


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