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  • Central Asia: Democracy, Instability and Strategic Game in Kyrgyzstan

    Central Asia: Democracy, Instability and Strategic Game in Kyrgyzstan
    Author
    2014
    Publisher: Pentagon Press
    ISBN 978-81-8274-752-4
    Price: ₹. 995/- Purchase Download E-copy

    About the Book

    Central Asia remains both stable and unpredictable after 20 years of its reemergence. The states here continue to undergo complex nation-building process, which is far from complete, but they firmly remain insulated by Russia and but more increasingly so by China. Only Kyrgyzstan has so far uniquely followed a liberal polity, but this young country had to cope with two revolutions before achieving a parliamentary democracy in 2010. However, the institution of democracy remains weak because of some difficult and intricate internal and external challenges i.e., economic, ethnic, Islamic, narcotic along with convoluted strategic games played by major powers in Kyrgyzstan. It is the only country in the world that hosts military bases of both Russia and the United States. The country retains strong Chinese economic influence. The book is an attempt to provide an overview of political and strategic processes at work in the region by taking the case of Kyrgyzstan – tracing the events erupted since 2005 and more after 2010. It contains aspects of India’s engagement in Kyrgyzstan and throws light on India’s newly launched ‘Connect Central Asia’ policy.

    About the Author

    Ambassador (Prof) P. Stobdan is a distinguished academician, diplomat, author and national security expert. He is a specialist on Asian affairs covering China, Central Asia and High Asia. He served in Central Asia twice. His last diplomatic assignment was in Bishkek where has served as Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of India to Kyrgyzstan. He also served as Joint Director in the National Security Council and Director/Professor of the Centre for Strategic and Regional Studies at the University of Jammu. He is currently a Senior Fellow at the Institute for Defence Studies & Analysis, New Delhi.

    Contents

    Preface

    Introduction

    1. The Kyrgyz Revolution
      The Tulip Revolution
      The Key Factors
      Not a Genuine Revolution
      The July Election
      The External Dimension
      The Challenges Ahead
      Reverse Tulip Revolution
      New Challenges
    2. Ethnic Divide: The Osh Riots
      Strategic Dimension: Role of Russia?
      The Aftermath
      The Kyrgyzstan Inquiry Commission (KIC)
      Kyrgyz Bellicose Response
      The Parliamentary Commission (PC)
      First Anniversary
      Conclusion
    3. Parliamentary Democracy
      Kyrgyz Parliament (Zhogorku Kenesh)
      Parliamentary Election
      Formation of New Government
      Role of Roza Otunbayeva
      Regional Impact
      Conclusion
    4. First Democratic Presidential Election
      The Election
      New History
      Atambayev’s Agenda
      Russia: Main Strategic Partner
      US Airbase: Dangerous Target for Iranian Missiles
      Challenges Ahead
      Conclusion
    5. Islamic Extremism
      Extremism and Politics
      Islamisation of Kyrgyzstan
    6. National Security Concept
      External Threats
      Internal Threats
    7. Politics of Hydropower
      Multilateral Mechanisms
      Geo-Political Issues
      Kambar-Ata Projects
      CASA 1000 (Central Asia-South Asia): Exploring Export Potentials
      Who will Control CASA 1000?
    8. External Relations
      Kazakhstan
      Uzbekistan
      Tajikistan
      Pakistan
      Iran
    9. Russian Interests in Kyrgyzstan
      Kambar-Ata
      Joint Russian Military Base (JRMB)
      Kyrgyz Debts to Russia
      Transnational Corporation Dastan OJSC
      The post-2014 Security Scenario
      10. Kyrgyz-US Relations: Politics of Airbase
      Politics and Diplomacy over Manas Transit Centre
      New Challenge for the US
      Military Base to Fuel Supply Contract
      Fresh Diplomacy over Transit Centre
      Beyond the Transit Centre
      Profiting from the Drawdown
    10. The Chinese Forays
      Railway Connectivity
      Energy Deals
      Selling Soft Power
      Security Nexus
      Kyrgyz Resentment
      China-Eurasia Trade Initiative
      Conclusion
    11. The Indo-Kyrgyz Relations
      Historical Relations
      Contemporary Relations
      Institutional Relations
      Trade
      Investments
      Line of Credit
      Assistance Programmes
      Disaster Relief and Humanitarian Aid
      Potato Processing Plant
      Technical Cooperation
      Civil Aviation
      Education and Culture
      Defence Cooperation
      The Kyrgyz-India Mountain Bio-Medical Research Centre (KIMBMRC)
      Ties with Kyrgyz Defence Industry
      ULAN Open Joint-Stock Company
      Future Prospects
    12. India’s “Connect Central Asia” Policy
    13. Conclusion: Emerging Trends in Central Asia

    Annexures
    1. Kyrgyzstan Inquiry Commission (KIC)
    2. Kyrgyz Response to Story by the Economist
    3. Non Paper : The Candidature of the Kyrgyz Republic for a Non-permanent Seat of the United Nations Security Council
    4. Blake’s Testimony on U.S. Engagement in Central Asia
    5. Keynote address by MOS Shri E. Ahamad at the First India-Central Asia Dialogue

    Index

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