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Sumit Sinha asked: What are the characteristics of amphibious operations doctrine of Indian defence organizations?

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  • Ali Ahmed replies: The joint amphibious operations doctrine for the Indian Armed Forces has been laid down by HQ IDS. It is based on the existing excellent pamphlet on these operations. The issue is also covered in brief in India's Maritime Doctrine published last year. An amphibious operations capability is necessary in light of India's island territories, interests in the Indian Ocean and for an out of area capability if necessary. The formations and assets that are to be employed are earmarked and rehearsed in their roles. The Andaman & Nicobar Command has a major responsibility in this. ANC's Army brigade is readily available for the task. In addition, as in the eighties, it is possible that Army formations in the peninsula are also dual tasked accordingly. The air assets can be assembled with ease, given the flexibility inherent in the Air Force. The Navy has INS Jalashwa and other ships that can take part. Exercises have been held periodically beginning with Trishakti of the mid-eighties. The amphibious operations capability is also relevant in possible future conflicts and would be deployed for posturing, even if not actually employed. The major characteristics would be flexibility, speed of deployment, security both physical and of information, vulnerability both at sea and on landing, etc. The nuclear factor cannot be discounted as well.