Cyber Warfare

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  • Assessing India’s Cyber Resilience: Institutional Stability Matters

    In this commentary, I will use strategic cyberwar theory1 to explain why India has a higher level of cyber resilience than several of its potential adversaries. Even if India has challenges in its government-led cyber defence,2 there are cyber resilience benefits to be drawn from the way Indian society operates, functions and is constitutionally designed and accepted by its constituents, independently of any cyber defence efforts. First, the concept of strategic cyberwar.

    January 2016

    Cyber: Also a Domain of War and Terror

    India, the IT nation, did not make a news splash at CyberTech 2014. That is worth a passing thought. Because cyber is the fifth and new domain of warfare, after land, sea, air and space.

    January 2015

    The Geopolitics of Cyber Espionage

    There is an intricate relationship between the methods of cyber espionage and the evolution of information and communications technology, of which information security is a key aspect. This article is an attempt to establish forward and backward linkages of cyber espionage. It examines the geopolitics, methods, role of information security technology and, most importantly, how the future of cyber espionage is being shaped by emerging technologies such as supercomputing, quantum computing and ‘big data’, from an Indian perspective.

    January 2015

    Sunny Tomar asked: What is the difference between cyber-crime and cyber-terrorism? What is India’s position on both the issues?

    Cherian Samuel replies: From the technical angle, the difference between cyber-crime and cyber-terrorism is only nominal in that the means are the same, but the goals may be different. The same vulnerabilities in networks and systems can be used to attain a variety of goals, from crime to terrorism. As a hypothetical example, the systems of a high-value target such as a nuclear plant may be taken over by criminals and held to ransom or by terrorists for destructive purposes.

    Locked in LOC: Exploring Cyber Offensive Option for India

    India’s niche military and intelligence technologies in the field of cyber, space, robotics and jamming can have potential deterrence value and a ‘war minus’ option against Pakistan.

    August 20, 2013

    Sonny asked: Is cyber warfare actually a war? How does it affect India's security?

    Reply: Refer to the IDSA Task Force Report titled, “India's Cyber Security Challenges”; and, the Edited Transcript of IDSA Cyber Security Report Release & Panel Discussion, including the Keynote Address by Amb. Shivshankar Menon, National Security Advisor, May 16, 2012, at http://idsa.in/system/files/Transcriptcybersecurity.pdf

    Also, refer to the following:
    Arvind Gupta, “CBMs in Cyber Space: What should be India’s Approach?”, IDSA Web Comment, June 27, 2012.

    Cherian Samuel, “Emerging Trends in Cyber Security”, IDSA Web Comment, March 28, 2012.

    Amit Sharma, “Cyber Wars: A Paradigm Shift from Means to Ends”, Strategic Analysis, 34 (1), January 2010.

    Subimal Bhattacharjee, “The Strategic Dimensions of Cyber Security in the Indian Context”, Strategic Analysis, 33 (2), March 2009.

    Operational Lessons of the Wars of 21st Century

    Operational Lessons of the Wars of 21st Century

    Military capabilities matter. Countries and regions where wars have taken place have one important attribute- battle and operational experience. The monograph examines 21st century wars in Afghanistan, Iraq, Lebanon, Georgia and Libya. New trend of cyber war is also included. Key highlights have been extracted and distilled into lessons to be learnt.

    2013

    The Invisible War in West Asia

    The two recent malware attacks on energy companies in West Asia are particularly worrisome since they represent a rapid escalation in capabilities and intent on the part of the perpetrators.

    September 07, 2012

    India's Cyber Security Challenge

    India's Cyber Security Challenge
    • Publisher: Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses
      2012

    This report argues that Government and the private sector give cyber security some priority in their security and risk management plans, and do this jointly. Being a report that is addressed to the security community in the widest sense and intended to stimulate public discussion, it relies on publicly available information.

    • ISBN 81-86019-98-7,
    • Price: ₹. 125/-
    • E-copy available
    2012

    China’s new great firewall and publicity offensive

    After ensuring that its people are only able to access ‘filtered’ news, the Chinese leadership has also decided to refurbish its image abroad through a major public relations effort.

    December 19, 2011

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