Pakistan-occupied Kashmir (PoK)

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  • Gilgit Baltistan: Province, No Province?

    Gilgit Baltistan: Province, No Province?

    Chinese stakes in Gilgit Baltistan could propel Pakistan to introduce a stop gap provincial arrangement that would contain popular resistance, promote greater stability, and deflate India’s objections to CPEC.

    August 27, 2015

    Elections in Pakistan: Perspectives from Pakistan-Occupied Kashmir

    In the run-up to the May 2013 elections, the political scene in Pakistan was absorbed in electoral rhetoric, active campaigning and a hectic poll process. It culminated with an expected set of results—the Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) emerged victorious and took the reins of power after a decade and a half. The incumbent Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) was nearly decimated and Imran Khan’s Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) marginalised.

    January 2014

    China Yearbook 2012

    China Yearbook 2012
    • Publisher: Institute for Defence Studies and Analysis (IDSA)

    An annual publication from the Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses (IDSA), The China Yearbook 2012 is a round-up of events and issues of significance that occurred in China during the past year and covers important developments in the domestic and foreign policy spheres.

    • ISBN 978-93-82512-03-5,
    • Price: ₹. 695/-
    • E-copy available

    Gilgit Baltistan: Between Hope and Despair

    Gilgit Baltistan: Between Hope and Despair

    The monograph attempts to present an exhaustive account on Gilgit Baltistan (part of the erstwhile princely state of Jammu and Kashmir and now part of Pakistan occupied Kashmir (PoK)) by contextualising it within the larger discourse on Kashmir.


    Pakistan-Occupied Kashmir on the Periphery

    Christopher Snedden, The Untold Story of the People of Azad Kashmir, Hurst & Company, London, 2012, xxi + 435 pp., £50, clothbound, ISBN 97818490041508

    January 2013

    Pakistan-Occupied Kashmir—A Buffer State in the Making?

    One cannot deny the inexorable advantage that geography has given Pakistan-occupied Kashmir (PoK). Being the only link between the Peoples Republic of China (PRC) and Pakistan, PoK is truly the ‘umbilical cord’—a bond that is symbolical of the very deep relationship between the two countries. The PRC has at various forums asserted that it only has an economic interest in PoK and has openly denied the presence of People's Liberation Army (PLA) personnel in PoK.

    January 2013

    A Siachen Resolution: Why Now?

    India should put Pakistan on parole and watch its behaviour for 20 years before even beginning to think of any concessions in Siachen or elsewhere.

    November 08, 2012

    Growing American Interest in Pakistan occupied Kashmir

    The US seems to be devising a multi-pronged agenda to deal with the growing Chinese influence in PoK, to compel Pakistani acquiescence in the ongoing stabilisation efforts in Afghanistan and ensure its long term presence in the region.

    July 17, 2012

    The Diamer Bhasha Dam in Gilgit Baltistan: India's Concerns

    This article is an attempt to understand India's concerns over the Diamer Bhasha dam project within the overall ambit of India's approach towards Pakistan-occupied Kashmir (PoK). It makes a holistic assessment of the feasibility of the project, the political and technical issues involved in it, the long-term strategy of Pakistan and China in the region, and the local reactions, which must inform India's future policy preferences regarding PoK. The article is divided into three parts.

    July 2012

    Rohit asked: What security implications do you see by the presence of PLA or the Chinese army in the Pakistan occupied Kashmir?

    Priyanka Singh replies: In recent past, there has been extensive reportage on the possible presence of PLA (Peoples’ Liberation Army) soldiers in Gilgit Baltistan region of PoK (Pakistan occupied Kashmir). In October 2011, Chief of the Indian Army, General V.K. Singh, also endorsed this possibility by stating there could be 3000-4000 PLA soldiers in this region. In August 2010, an article by Selig Harrison published in the New York Times signaled similar possibility. Since PoK, and Gilgit Baltistan in particular, are largely inaccessible to the outside world, it is rather difficult to know the extent and nature of Chinese presence in Gilgit Baltistan.

    There are multiple security implications arising from Chinese activities in PoK. China in the past has deliberately tried to punctuate Kashmir as disputed by issuing stapled visas to people from J&K (Jammu and Kashmir) and obstructing an Indian army official posted in J&K to be part of a defence delegation visiting China. That it has willingly offered its assistance in infrastructure development in PoK and possibly has stationed PLA soldiers there, shows the duality in Chinese standards.

    In view of the strong bonhomie between China and Pakistan, the Chinese presence in Gilgit Baltistan close to the LoC could act to India’s detriment in times of war and other contingencies. In the broader context of India’s encirclement by China in the south Asian region, this kind of presence is disturbing since PoK is a territory which legally belongs to India. The need, therefore, is to ensure that the issue of Chinese presence in PoK figures predominantly in future bilateral exchanges between India and China.