US-Iran Relations

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  • The Trump Challenge to the JCPOA

    Trump’s new policy statement on Iran has enveloped the UNSC-approved Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action in a shroud of uncertainty that could lead to further instability in conflict-ridden West Asia.

    October 24, 2017

    The Iran Nuclear Deal: An Indian Perspective

    The Iran Nuclear Deal: An Indian Perspective

    The Iran nuclear deal should not be seen in isolation. There has been a clear realisation in the West, especially in the US, that Iran needs to be brought out of international isolation and into the mainstream.

    April 06, 2015

    Iran under Rouhani: From Confrontation to Reconciliation

    Rouhani’s presidency has injected a new tone in Iran’s foreign policy, marking a dramatic shift from Ahmadinejad’s policy of confrontation with the West. Rouhani’s policy towards the neighbouring countries has received strong support while his policy of engagement with Obama administration and the nuclear deal have generated intense debate.

    February 26, 2014

    Nitin Khadse asked: How will the deal on Iran's nuclear programme affect America's relations with other powers in West Asia, and what is in Indian interest?

    Gulshan Dietl replies: The United States has nourished two “special relationships” in West Asia - that is, with Israel and Saudi Arabia. Both of them are adversaries of Iran. The November 24, 2013 Interim Agreement between Iran and the P5+1 major powers (5 Permanent Members of the UN Security Council + Germany) has resulted in a relegitimation of Iran in the global community and, more significantly, in an improvement in the US-Iran relations. Israel and Saudi Arabia, in the circumstances, are alarmed at the future prospects of this development. The Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu has called the agreement a “historic mistake” and has kept up the threat of launching a unilateral attack against Iran if the Israeli security is threatened. Saudis have cautiously welcomed the agreement, though their concerns about an enhanced Iranian influence in the region and competition in the global energy market are serious.

    In the aftermath of the nuclear deal, the US Secretary of Defence, Chuck Hagel, acknowledged the anxieties of the Gulf states regarding the American “intentions, strategy and commitment” to the region and sought to reassure them that the US would continue to improve its own presence and bolster the regional empowerment in security and defence. Secretary of State John Kerry, similarly, indulged into a highly demonstrative gesture during his visit to Israel when the missile defence organisations of the US and Israel jointly test-fired Arrow 3 anti-ballistic missile system. The Iran nuclear deal has impacted the US special relationships with Israel and Saudi Arabia and there are sustained moves on all sides to mend the damage.

    The Iran deal is certainly in our interest and we have welcomed the same. The sanctions on oil, shipping and banking are not yet lifted. Therefore, there will not be an immediate expansion in the Indo-Iran trade ties. In the longer run, the Indian import of Iranian oil is slated to go up; exploration in the gas fields allotted to India will begin; and the Iran-Pakistan-India gas pipeline may yet see the light of the day after an inordinate hibernation.

    Iran Nuclear Deal: The Fine Print

    The November 24, 2013 Joint Plan of Action between Iran and its P5+1 interlocutors is the first agreement since November 2004 that contains Iran’s acceptance of certain short-term limitations on its nuclear programme.

    December 09, 2013

    The US-Iran Deal and the Outcome

    The interim deal was signed by seven foreign ministers of US, UK , France, Russia, China, Germany and Iran but the deal was not negotiated mainly in Geneva, but in Muscat and other locations where the US and Iran met secretly for months. Essentially, it is a deal between US and Iran and the rest were there to serve a choreographic purpose.

    November 28, 2013

    A.K. Rathee asked: What should be India's approach towards Iran considering US relations with Iran? What steps can India take to solidify its energy security?

    Reply: Refer to earlier replies on the same topic, as listed below:

    How Should India deal with recent sanctions imposed by UN, US, EU on Iran? What methods can India adopt to protect her interests in Iran?
    http://idsa.in/askanexpert/HowShouldIndiaDealwithRecentSanctionsimposedonIran

    How the US factor is affecting India-Iran relations? Can India have good relations with both of them simultaneously?
    http://idsa.in/askanexpert/USfactorisaffectingIndia-Iranrelations

    How the US factor and the US-Iran relations affect the Iran-Pakistan-India (IPI) pipeline?
    http://idsa.in/askanexpert/USfactorandtheUSIranrelations

    Why did India decide to withdraw from ACU? How will the new agreement with Iran solve the problem?
    http://idsa.in/askanexpert/withdrawfromACU

    Even though Iran was willing to accept the payment for India’s oil imports in the Indian currency, why did India declined from doing so?
    http://idsa.in/askanexpert/paymenttoIranforoilimportsintheIndiancurrency

    What are sanctions? Can every country impose them the way USA has done against Iran? Why does India support only UNSC backed sanctions?
    http://idsa.in/askanexpert/Whataresanctions

    What will be the significance of the proposed international north south corridor for India?
    http://idsa.in/askanexpert/significanceoftheproposedinternationalnorthsouthcorridor

    In Pursuit of a Shield: US, Missile Defence and the Iran Threat

    In Pursuit of a Shield: US, Missile Defence and the Iran Threat

    The US pursuit of missile defence in order to counter and/or hedge against Iran's ballistic missile capabilities coupled with concerns generated by its nuclear programme has had significant strategic consequences. Iran on its part has pursued these capabilities as part of its asymmetric strategy to overcome its strategic vulnerabilities flowing from US encirclement, short-comings in force levels vis-a-vis neighbours and resource constraints in building effective conventional forces.

    2012

    Iran’s Nuclear Enrichment Programme: Is it the only Threat?

    At the core of the standoff over Iran’s nuclear programme is the challenge to West Asia’s balance of power from Iran’s growing sphere of influence, which now stretches through Iraq towards the Mediterranean.

    November 09, 2012

    India struggling to cope with sanctions on Iran

    The Indian government is now weighing several options to manoeuvre around the ever-tightening sanctions, including the provision of sovereign guarantees to oil tanker operators.

    June 26, 2012

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