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  • The Barents Cooperation: Region-Building and New Security Challenges

    The Barents Euro–Arctic Region (BEAR), which in terms of land territory is one of the biggest international region-building projects in Europe, was established in 1993 to meet the new security challenges following the breakup of the Soviet Union and the opening up of the borders between East and West. Stretching over major parts of Northwest Russia and three Nordic countries, the region bridges areas, which for decades were heavily influenced by high Cold War tensions and deep social, economic and political cleavages.

    July 2013

    Aditya asked: What is the difference between Nation and State? In present times, aren't they virtually synonymous?

    Arpita Anant replies: A nation, if one goes by the European origin of the idea, is commonly understood as a community that has a shared history and is usually united by a common element of identity (mainly language). A state, on the other hand, is a political entity with territory and sovereignty. When the boundaries of the nation and the state coincide, the resultant entity is the nation-state.

    Inherent in such an idea of a nation-state is homogeneity of the people inhabiting a political space. In reality, however, such homogeneity, never really existed. So, as older states came to terms with diversity among their people, and as new states with diversity came into being in post-colonial era, the idea of what a ‘nation-state’ is has also changed.

    Since there is almost always a ‘majoritarian’ conception of nation prevalent in any nation-state, it is contested, and there is often a struggle involved in accommodating diversity. However, not all communities that are outside of the majoritarian imagination conceive of themselves as nations. So, many of them have come together in several parts of the world to form successful nation-states. Most modern nation-states witness all these tendencies.

    While the terms nation and state are indeed used interchangeably in general parlance, it is important to be mindful that the two are not synonymous.

    Grand Strategy for India 2020 and Beyond

    Grand Strategy for India 2020 and Beyond
    • Publisher: Pentagon Security International
      2012

    This volume presents perspectives on cross-cutting issues of importance to India’s grand strategy in the second decade of the 21st century. The authors in this volume address the following important questions : What might India do to build a cohesive and peaceful domestic order in the coming decades? What should be India's China and Pakistan strategy? How could India foster a consensus on the global commons that serve India’s interests and values? What strategic framework will optimise India’s efforts to foster a stable and peaceful neighbourhood?

    • ISBN 978-81-8274-657-2,
    • Price: ₹. 995/-
    • E-copy available
    2012

    Effect of the Financial Crisis on European Defence: The Case of France

    The ongoing global financial crisis has had an increasing strain on the defence budgets of different European countries. In the case of France, an intelligent and anticipatory/ preventive planning has mitigated the effects of the crisis but challenges remain, which have to be taken seriously and addressed effectively, if France wants to maintain its strategic autonomy.

    August 24, 2012

    The Libyan Operation and Europe’s Role in Defence and Security

    Highlighting the limitations of the European Union’s Common Security and Defence Policy, this Issue Brief argues that Europe’s role as a global actor in matters of defence and security will remain constrained in the immediate future.

    December 20, 2011

    26/11 Redux in Europe: Strategic Imperatives

    The current terrorist threat has reemphasised the importance of Europe, considered to be increasingly irrelevant in global security and strategic calculus.

    October 21, 2010

    Economic Crises, Currencies and Geopolitical Turning Points

    The serial financial crises have exposed deep fault lines in the international financial system, and have prompted a search for a better and more stable global financial structure.

    June 14, 2010

    Dutch withdrawal from Afghanistan may have cascading effects

    The Dutch withdrawal from Afghanistan may have cascading effects, as smaller European countries notwithstanding their importance in contribution or numerical strength, may also announce their exit citing their own national caveats in the months to come.

    February 23, 2010

    Global Financial Crisis: Is there a Way Out?

    President Bush will host the first ever financial summit of the G-20 on November 15, 2008 in Washington to discuss the current global financial crisis which threatens the economic and political stability through out the world. The crisis comes on the heels of an economic crisis in the global economy in the first half of 2008 which was characterised by a record level of oil prices, global food shortages, high inflation and rising inflation in most countries.

    November 05, 2008

    Radical Islamic Organisations in Europe: South Asia in their Discourse

    In the European security calculus, terrorism has become one of the key strategic threats. Alarmingly, the continent has also become a centre of radical Islamist propaganda and activism, with a number of European countries worried over the potential of their own 'home-grown' religious extremists. Latest studies indicate a disturbing trend of a section of the youth, generally belonging to the Muslim communities of West African and South Asian origin from a poor or middle class socioeconomic background, embracing extremism and terrorism in Europe.

    March 2007

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