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  • Role of Technology in International Affairs

    Role of Technology In international Affairs
    • Publisher: Pentagon Press

    Recent advances in technology have opened up vast new areas of communication, cooperation and even friction among nations in their pursuit of security, development and progress. Science and technology today transcend almost all areas of international affairs. The role of science and technology in international affairs is so intrinsic that it is rarely recognised as a separate entity and often taken for granted. The impact of modern dual-use technology on human society and national security has become so large that it would be necessary for foreign policy professionals to understand the finer nuances of technology to successfully negotiate international affairs in future. The book Role of Technology in International Affairs is aimed at bringing a clear appreciation of the various interconnections and interdependencies between technology, security, foreign policy and diplomacy that future diplomats must have for navigating towards international peace.

    • ISBN 978-81-8274-881-1,
    • Price: ₹. 995.00
    • E-copy available

    Rocket Launchers for Small Satellites

    Rocket Launchers for Small Satellites

    The increase in demand for small satellites is not supported by the best launch options. Various existing options have huge limitations. It is believed that ‘proliferation’ of small satellites technology is possible only if reliable and cost-effective launch options are made available.

    February 04, 2016

    Manish Kumar asked: What is difference between GSLV MK-II and GSLV-D6?

    Ajey Lele replies: The Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) is being developed by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) to launch heavy satellites (two to six tons in weight) in the outer space. One important version of this vehicle is GSLV MK-II. It is meant to lift satellites in the weight category 2.5 tons to 5 tons. This is a three-stage launch vehicle with first stage using solid rocket motor, second stage using liquid fuel, and the third stage, called Cryogenic Upper Stage (CUS), using cryogenic engine.

    The ‘Road’ to Success for the “Silk Road Initiative” is via Aerospace

    The ‘Road’ to Success for the “Silk Road Initiative” is via Aerospace

    For China, the Belt and Road initiative is a long-term strategy designed for it to assume a bigger role in global affairs through the business route. Various aerial and space-based platforms will play an important in making this strategy successful.

    October 21, 2015

    Should the Indian Government enact legislation on the space sector in the country? How many nations have enacted legislations on the same?

    Ajey Lele replies: Yes. India needs to have a legal architecture which could assist in the growth and development of this sector and also ensure that such mechanism in no way becomes obstructive to the country's long-term strategic interests. Few states have adopted some legal mechanisms (for example, the US has National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958) and many of them are sector specific, like for communication or navigation or for remote sensing.

    India Mission to Mars: Ready to Orbit

    India Mission to Mars: Ready to Orbit

    The orbit insertion scheduled for September 24 will be a landmark achievement. The Mars accomplishment could assist the global efforts towards the possible human colonization of the Red Planet and would automatically increase India’s status.

    September 19, 2014

    Heavy Satellite Launch Vehicles: An Assessment

    This brief has carried out an assessment of the launch vehicles used globally for launching of heavy satellites into the geostationary orbit. This assessment is mainly based on the comparison of the various features of different launch systems and the characteristics of the propellants put in use.

    February 19, 2014

    Pranathi Asked: Will Mars Orbiter Mission outpace China's space dominance over India?

    Ajey Lele replies: The Chinese space programme is much more advanced than the Indian programme. China succeeded in putting its astronaut in space a decade ago in 2003, whereas India has no immediate plan for manned space mission. Shortly, they would be launching their third mission to Moon where a robot would be actually landing on the Moon, while it may take some more time for India to launch its second Moon mission. Also, China has a satellite navigation programme with global reach, which is not the case with India.

    In spite of the above, some believe that India is in a space race with China. It is important to appreciate that “space race” is essentially a Cold War era concept. In the 21st century, for a nation like India, “pragmatism” is the key when deciding on its geopolitical priorities. For India, space is of importance for social and economic reasons. India's space programme is India-specific and not China-specific. It would be naive to think that just because a Chinese satellite could not make it to Mars, India is trying to race with China.

    For more on India’s Mars mission, please refer to Ajey Lele’s following recent publications:

    Ajey Lele, “The late beginner advantage”, Indian Express, November 11, 2013.

    Ajey Lele, Mission Mars: India's Quest for the Red Planet, Springer, 2013.

    Space Awareness: A Need for a Multilateral Mechanism

    This article discusses the utility and limitations of existing space surveillance networks to address the issue of spaceflight safety and proposes a way forward. Specifically, it begins with a brief explanation of why space situational awareness (SSA) is important and draws attention to the existing major SSA networks followed by a brief summary of the major limitations of the US, Russian and Chinese networks. These limitations highlight why we collectively need to craft a better and more efficient mechanism. Finally, it concludes with a techno-political elucidation for the future.

    September 2013

    Mission Mars: India's Quest for the Red Planet

    Publisher: Springer
    ISBN 978-81-322-1521-9
    Price: 49,99 €
    The objective of the book is to find an answer to the rationale behind the human quest for the Mars exploration. As a comprehensive assessment for this query is undertaken, it is realized that the basic question ‘Why Mars?’ seeks various responses from technological, economic and geopolitical to strategic perspectives.