Nuclear deal

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  • Understanding Indonesia’s Unease with AUKUS

    Given its geo-strategic importance, Indonesia’s cooperation is crucial for success of any regional security framework in the Indo-Pacific. It is therefore important that regional powers pay attention to Indonesia’s concern over Australia’s decision to acquire nuclear-powered submarines under the newly constituted AUKUS, especially in view of the increasing US–China rivalry in the region.

    October 11, 2021

    The Nuclear Submarine Deal of the New Troika

    The announcement of the trilateral security partnership “AUKUS” by Australia, UK and US, has prompted discussions on several issues, however, the submarine part of the agreement, about leveraging expertise from US and UK and facilitating the Australian acquisition of the nuclear-powered submarines, is attracting a lot of attention.

    September 29, 2021

    Iran’s Nuclear Quandary

    The European Union-3 and Iran are indeed up against formidable odds to keep the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) alive going forward.

    February 21, 2020

    Aarti Yadav asked: US has withdrawn from the Iran nuclear deal thereby threatening the global rule-based order. What could be its possible ramifications for India?

    Reply: Please refer to the following IDSA publications:

    Shebonti Ray Dadwal, “Iran Sanctions: India’s Options”, IDSA Commentary, July 12, 2018.

    P. R. Kumaraswamy, “Return of the Persian Puzzle”, IDSA Commentary, July 05, 2018.

    The Contours of a Negotiated Nuclear-Missile Deal with North Korea

    Removing the Kim regime’s fears about regime change and reducing the insecurity caused by North Korea’s nuclear and missile tests to the US and its allies are the essentials that must be addressed in a UN-led multinational dialogue to forge a negotiated settlement.

    December 12, 2017

    India-US Nuclear Deal: Only Half Realised After a Decade

    India-US Nuclear Deal: Only Half Realised After a Decade

    While the first watt of power from foreign-aided projects may take many years to come, the 10th anniversary coincides with major transformations in India’s indigenous nuclear energy programme.

    July 21, 2015

    The Iran Nuclear Deal: An Indian Perspective

    The Iran Nuclear Deal: An Indian Perspective

    The Iran nuclear deal should not be seen in isolation. There has been a clear realisation in the West, especially in the US, that Iran needs to be brought out of international isolation and into the mainstream.

    April 06, 2015

    The Dependence Entrapment

    The Dependence Entrapment

    India’s nuclear deal with the US is driven less by technology requirements than by the need to be integrated into the global nuclear community and gain access to uranium imports for fuelling its nuclear power expansion plans.

    February 10, 2015

    Akshay asked: Why is it said that India’s nuclear pact with Russia goes far beyond the bounds of the 123 pact with the US?

    Reshmi Kazi replies: During Prime Minister Manmohan Singh’s visit to Moscow in December 2009, India and Russia signed a civil nuclear cooperation agreement that was free from any curbs on India and guaranteed it against any limitations in the future. After the signing of the agreement, Sergei Kirienko, head of Rosatom, the Russian national nuclear corporation, suggested that Russia could eventually supply up to 20 nuclear reactors to India. It is expected that under the nuclear agreement, Russia will “set up more nuclear reactors in India, transfer the full range of nuclear energy technologies and ensure uninterrupted supply of fuel.”

    Unlike the Indo-US nuclear pact, the India-Russia nuclear pact is devoid of such restrictions as termination of ongoing nuclear cooperation and the return of equipment and fuel already supplied to India in a situation where the civil nuclear energy agreement is terminated. It is in this context that Prime Minister Singh had described the India-Russia nuclear pact as a “major step forward in strengthening [bilateral] existing cooperation in this field.” The nuclear pact with Russia, thus, is expected to go far beyond the parameters of the 123 agreement with the US. Russia has also made it clear that it would continue to have unrestricted nuclear cooperation with India despite the G8 resolution prohibiting the sale of reprocessing technologies to non-NPT countries.