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  • The Terror Challenge In South Asia and Prospect of Regional Cooperation

    The Terror Challenge In South Asia and Prospect of Regional Cooperation
    • Publisher: Pentagon Security International

    This book is an attempt to study the problem of terrorism in South Asia, which has often been perceived as its hub. The contributors to the volume belonging to South Asian region have provided valuable insights on the issue of terrorism and have also suggested measures to deal with the problem. They consider terrorism as a phenomenon that has been harmful to society, economy and polity of the South Asian nations. At the same time, they also point out that there should not be over-emphasis on the use of force. In fact, a calibrated use of force is likely to be more effective.

    • ISBN 978-81-8274-599-5 ,
    • Price: ₹. 695/-
    • E-copy available

    The Other South Asia

    Though Pakistan and Afghanistan still continue to be embroiled in religious and ethnic conflict, the rest of South Asia appears keen to check and go beyond such tendencies.

    June 20, 2011

    Positive Prospects for Limited War in South Asia

    There is sufficient space for India to wage a limited war against Pakistan. Fears of escalation to the nuclear realm are grossly exaggerated by the critics of limited war, who ignore or misinterpret several factors (such as nuclear deterrence and international pressure) that would prevent conflict expansion in South Asia. While the current level of political-diplomatic-military planning in India lacks the capacity to meet the essential tenets of limited war, this can change and the requisite conditions can be achieved through better synergy and collaboration between different spheres.

    April 2011

    Naeem Salik, The Genesis of South Asian Nuclear Deterrence: Pakistan’s Perspective, New York: Oxford University Press, 2010

    On any subject, there are always two stories to tell- or may be more. This book seems to do the same when it comes to the debate over the nuclearisation of the South Asian region. As the title of the book suggests, Brig. (Retd.) Naeem Salik seeks to revisit the history of South Asian nuclear weapons from Pakistan’s perspective. The author feels that the story told, so far, has been obtuse and has worked to the detriment of Pakistan’s interests. In order to create a balance in the literature, the author claims to provide ‘dispassionate and objective analysis’

    January 2011

    Maitrayee asked: Can South Asia be called an independent geostrategic zone?

    Smruti Pattanaik replies: South Asia cannot be called independent geo-strategic zone. Countries of the region have different security and strategic outlook. These are governed by geographical location of each of the countries of the region and state of their economic health impinges on the way that these countries look at various strategic issues. Source of their threat perceptions are not confined to its geo-strategic space of South Asia, it is rather transnational. South Asia also does not act as a coherent geographical entity. For that matter no region can be called an independent geo-strategic zone.

    Politically and strategically it cannot be called as an independent geo-strategic zone. Countries of South Asia do not share a common strategic and security vision. There are two important countries i.e. US and China are deeply involved in Afghanistan and Pakistan. Chinese close defence tie with Pakistan is also aimed at India. Most of the countries have different perceptions on the role of US and China in this region.

    In a globalizing world, independent geo-strategic zone are neither possible nor viable. Interests of the countries are overlapping and they have to pursue an overarching policy that takes into consideration dynamics of international politics.

    The United States in South Asia: An Unending Quest for Stability

    Seth G. Jones, In the Graveyard of Empires: America's War in Afghanistan, W.W. Norton & Company, New York, 2010, pp. 430, ISBN 978-0-393-33851-5 (paperback

    Forrest E. Morgan, C. Christine Fair, Keith Crane, Christopher S. Chivvis, Samir Puri, and Michael Spirtas, Can United States Secure an Insecure State , RAND Corporation, US, 2010, pp. 232, ISBN 978-0-8330-4807-3 (paperback)

    January 2011

    Yoginder Rangi asked: Tell me the books related to China influence in South Asia and Indian national security?

    G C K Rai replies:
    1. Dittmer, Lowell (ed) & Yu, George T (ed): China, the developing world, and the new global dynamic. Boulder. Lynne Rienner Publishers, Inc., 2010.

    2. Ramesh, Jairam: Making sense of Chindia. [reflections on China and India] New Delhi. India Research Press, 2005.

    3. Dittmer, Lowell (ed.): South Asia's nuclear security dilemma. [India, Pakistan, and China] Armonk. M. E. Sharpe, 2005.

    4. Acharya, Amitav & Institute of Defence and Strategic Studies (IDSS): Seeking security in The Dragon's shadow. [China and Southeast Asia in the emerging Asian order] Singapore. Institute of Defence and Strategic Studies (IDSS), 2003.

    5. Singhai Institute for International Studies: China and Asia's security. Singapore. Marshall Cavendish Academic, 2005.

    6. Emirates Center for Strategic Studies and Research: Balance of power in South Asia. Abu Dhabi. Emirates Center for Strategic Studies and Research, 2000.

    7. Leong, Ho Khai (ed.) & Ku, Samuel C Y (ed.): China and Southeast Asia. [global changes and regional challenges] Singapore. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2005.

    8. Keller, William W (ed) & Rawski, Thomas G (ed): China's rise and the balance of influence in Asia. Pittsburgh. University of Pittsburgh Press, 2007.

    9. Goh, Evelyn (ed) & Simon, Sheldon W (ed): China, the United States and Southeast Asia. [contending perspectives on politics security and economics] London. Routledge, 2008.

    10. Beller-Hann, Ildiko (ed), Cesaro, M Cristina (ed), Harris, Rachel (ed) & Finley, Joanne Smith (ed): Situating the uyghurs between China and Central Asia. Hampshire. Ashgate Publishing Limited, 2007.

    11. Sengupta, Anita: Russia, China and multilateralism in Central Asia. Delhi. Shipra, 2005.

    12. Sutter, Robert G: China's rise in Asia. [promises and perils] Lanham. Rowman and Littlefield, 2005.

    South Asia: Envisioning a Regional Future

    South Asia: Envisioning a Regional Future
    • Publisher: Pentagon Security International

    This volume includes a collection of papers contributed by eminent scholars and analysts from the South Asian region on how they visualise South Asia a decade hence. It is recognised that the region suffers from several constraints that has made common challenges difficult to address; nevertheless, there is an optimism that the region will move forward steadily albeit slowly, to evolve a common agenda, and shape a regional identity that would form the bedrock of any cooperative endeavour.

    • ISBN 978-81-8274-497-4 ,
    • Price: ₹. 895/-
    • E-copy available

    Kovid Kumar asked: How do we achieve economic integration in South Asia?

    Nitya Nanda (Fellow, TERI) replies: The question presumes that the level of economic integration in South Asia is very low compared to other regions of the world. This may appear so if one looks at the intra-regional trade in South Asia which is very often considered an indicator of regional integration. But this may not be the right indicator to measure the level of economic integration in South Asia due to its extremely skewed size distribution in the region as well as due to the fact that most countries do not share border with each other. In fact the level of trade integration of Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka is reasonably high with India. Indian investment is also quite high in these countries except Bangladesh. Thus even higher level of integration can happen only if there is better relationship between India and Pakistan. This will strengthen economic ties not only between India and Pakistan but also between India and Afghanistan as well as Pakistan and Nepal. There can also be sectoral cooperation, particularly in the fields of energy, telecom, transport, information technology and education. Economic integration also requires greater movement of people. As of now people can move freely betwen India and Nepal and India and Bhutan. Indians also get visa on arrival in Sri Lanka. India can also offer similar facility to Sri Lankans. Making movement of people between India and Bangladesh easier should not be too difficult. Overall, I would argue that the level of economic integration is not as low as is often made out to be. But the the key to furthur economic integration lies in the domain of politics, particularly in India Pakistan relationship.