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  • Korea’s Para-diplomacy with States in India: An Analysis of the ‘Caravan Events’

    In the arena of international relations nation-states have been regarded as the primary actors. However, the constituent units of nation-states have also become active in forging relations with the political units which are located outside the national borders through ‘para-diplomacy’. Since the 1990s the states of Indian union have been playing a significant role in India’s foreign affairs. The Narendra Modi government in New Delhi has also established a ‘States Division’ in the Ministry of External Affairs.

    September 2019

    The Rise of Kim Yo-Jong in the North Korean Regime

    The state narrative of North Korea, the story that keeps the Kims in power and the population uncomplaining, is built as much around international politics as it is domestic. In the mid-1990s, soon after the first transition of power from Kim Il-sung to Kim Jong-il, the country and the regime was in crisis. Always looking at themselves through the lens of South Korea and the need for reunification, official propaganda had been building an idea that their Southern brothers and sisters were impoverished in comparison and desperate to join with the North once again.

    March 2019

    Ashish Meena asked: What is the importance of North Korea for India?

    Prashant Kumar Singh replies: It should be noted that despite all apparent international isolation, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) or North Korea is a member in the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA). Also, it has embassies and diplomatic missions in number of countries. Similarly, its capital Pyongyang has embassies and missions from several countries.

    Rohit Mule asked: Why major powers were successful in stalling Iran’s nuclear programme but not that of North Korea?

    A Vinod Kumar replies: North Korea and Iran were two notable cases of nuclear deviance in the past two decades as both were alleged to have misused their access to nuclear energy resources for peaceful purposes, which they gained as non-nuclear weapon states under the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT). However, since their deviance from non-proliferation norms were considerably different, negotiations pertaining to their respective nuclear programmes have had varied outcomes.

    Historic Summit at Panmunjom

    While the recent Korean Summit marks the beginning of the new era, to achieve lasting peace will require intense diplomatic efforts.

    May 04, 2018

    Will North Korea Denuclearise?

    Kim will drive the hardest bargain possible and be willing to make only small concessions like maintaining some type of a freeze on future tests of missiles and nuclear weapons.

    April 09, 2018

    The Contours of a Negotiated Nuclear-Missile Deal with North Korea

    Removing the Kim regime’s fears about regime change and reducing the insecurity caused by North Korea’s nuclear and missile tests to the US and its allies are the essentials that must be addressed in a UN-led multinational dialogue to forge a negotiated settlement.

    December 12, 2017

    How North Korea was Armed

    China and to a lesser extent Pakistan have helped North Korea with its nuclear and missile development programmes.

    October 30, 2017

    The North Korean Nuclear Conundrum

    A rational decision maker in the White House does not have all options on the table and cannot start a war without South Korea’s consent. Diplomacy is the only option and this is as obvious as obvious can be.

    May 03, 2017

    Is President Trump’s Foreign Policy Shaping Up?

    What to make of the combination of Trump’s missile strikes in Syria, changes of mind about China and Russia, warnings to North Korea, signals about scaling up military presence in Afghanistan, and outreach to Turkey?

    April 24, 2017

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