Pakistan

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  • Pakistan's Approach to Kashmir Since the Lahore Agreement:Is There Any Change?

    In Lahore, in 1999, Pakistan dropped its 'Kashmir first' approach and agreed to discuss it with India along with other issues. Later, under Musharraf, there was an offer to move beyond UN resolutions and adopt a four-step approach to resolve the Kashmir issue. Musharraf's proposals were taken seriously and widely hailed as a sign of flexibility and pragmatism from the Pakistani side. This paper critically analyses these approaches since Lahore and argues that they were occasioned by the changing global political context and that they were more apparent than real.

    May 2009

    Militant Training Camps in Pakistan-Occupied Kashmir: An Existential Threat

    Investigations into Mumbai's 26/11 attack made startling revelations about the militant training camps in Pakistan-occupied Kashmir (PoK). The Mumbai perpetrators started from Baitul-Mujahideen in Muzaffarabad, the capital of the so-called ‘Azad Kashmir’, and headed for Mumbai via Karachi. They underwent specialized training in PoK for an extended period before the attack.

    May 2009

    A Cold Start: India's Response to Pakistan-Aided Low-Intensity Conflict

    A decade after the Kargil conflict and over seven years after the major Indian military mobilization along the Line of Control (LoC) with Pakistan, both countries were yet again on the verge of a military confrontation following the revelation of Pakistan's complicity in the Mumbai terror attacks of November 2008. Islamabad's recalcitrance in taking action against groups responsible for this attack forced New Delhi to plan punitive responses against terror camps within Pakistan, prompting the latter to mobilize troops and project a capability to repulse an Indian attack.

    May 2009

    Violence in Pakistan: Trend Analysis February 2009

    Highlight of the month was the peace deal signed by the NWFP government with the founder of Tehrik Nifaz Shariat-e- Mohammadi (TNSM), Sufi Mohammad. The deal did bring some ‘peace’ to the restive region but virtually handed over half the territory of NWFP to the Taliban by accepting Shariat laws for Malkand Division and Kohistan district of Hazara Division. As a result, the number of terror related incidents in Pakistan decreased from 430 in January to 374 in February 2009.

    May 01, 2009

    Fighting the Taliban : Challenges for Pakistan Army

    Rise of the Taliban in the frontier provinces of Pakistan portends several challenges to the Pakistan establishment, a fact that has lately raised much alarm and concern amongst the international community and in the region. The speed and vengeance with which several militant groups have rallied under the leadership of Baitullah Mehsud and Mullah Falazullah undoubtedly puts Pakistan’s military on an acid test. The Pakistan Army to date has tackled the problem half heartedly in the troubled region.

    May 01, 2009

    Nizam-e-Adl Regulation 2009 adopted by NA and signed by President Zardari; PML-N refuses to join coalition government; Suicide attacks kill 27 in Hangu and 17 in Charsadda; $5 billion aid pledged to Pakistan over a period of two years

    April 13-19, 2009
    Volume: 
    4
    Issue: 
    3

    The Nizam-e-Adl Regulation 2009, which envisages implementation of Shariat law in parts of the country, was signed by President Zardari in Islamabad on April 13. This was soon after the National Assembly adopted a resolution to endorse the same.6 The Whitehouse spokesperson Robert Gibbs, reacting to the development, noted that this was against the spirit of human rights and democracy.7

    2009
    Taxonomy upgrade extras: 

    Accomodation with Militants in Swat: Implications For Regional Security

    Event: 
    Fellows' Seminar
    April 24, 2009
    Time: 
    1030 to 1300 hrs

    Reviewing India’s Nuclear Doctrine

    There is a case for terminating any nuclear exchange at the lowest level possible and the nuclear doctrine needs to reflect this. A review of the doctrine a decade after it was first expounded is in order.

    April 24, 2009

    Domestic Support, National Interest and the US War on Terror

    Pakistan’s counter-terrorism performance has received much attention. However, the United States’ capacity to sustain the ‘War on Terror’ needs greater attention, because Washington is the principal state leading the global fight against terrorism. Defeating and routing Al Qaeda was the core objective of the United States following the September 11 attacks, according to former Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) counterterrorism expert Paul Pillar. Washington was prepared to live with the extremist Taliban if its leadership snapped ties and handed over the top leadership of Al Qaeda.

    April 13, 2009

    Af-Pak Plan: Responding to Holbrooke’s Diplomacy

    Much as the text of Obama’s new ‘Af-Pak’ plan echoes India’s traditional concerns, it may turn out to be contrary to India’s interest with unseen implications in the longer term. Obama’s outlined strategy has been described as a ‘bold bid’ ‘bottom-up’ ‘comprehensive’ ‘pragmatic’ and even a ‘game changer’ approach.

    April 13, 2009

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