Naxal

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  • Declining Naxalism from Central Bihar

    The Naxal problem has become the biggest internal threat to the country. Especially after the comments of the Prime Minister Manmohan Singh in 2007, it has become a matter of concern as well as a subject of academic debate. The new thought, innovative ideas and fresh planning have been developed to address this issue extensively and intensively. In this backdrop, a case study of Central Bihar becomes relevant to focus the light on this issue. It is an established fact that Naxalism in Bihar had made its route through Central Bihar.

    October 2010

    Conceptual Trap in Corruption as a Security Issue

    Those studying the Naxal challenge cannot afford to ignore the fact that corruption in delivery mechanisms is one root cause of the insurgency.

    December 08, 2010

    Linkages between Indian and Nepalese Maoists

    Though fuzzy, there are linkages between Indian and Nepalese Maoists and these have been either admitted or downplayed by all sides –– the Nepalese Maoists, the Indian Maoists and the Indian government.

    November 09, 2010

    Left-Wing Extremism (LWE) in India

    It has become almost a cliché to say that the LWE situation is the most serious internal threat facing the country. Naxalism has been operating in several parts of the country. It has been there from the late 60s and 70s and different parts of the country have been affected with different levels of naxal violence. It has been tackled in different ways in West Bengal, in Kerala, in Andhra and so on and so forth, Telangana situation was there earlier. A significant change came about with the merger of the Peoples War Group and the MCC to form the CPI (Maoist) in 2004.

    April 2010

    Shakil Husain asked: Don't you think that naxalism is no longer a socio economic problem.

    P. V. Ramana replies: The Naxal challenge is essentially a political issue with strong socio-economic underpinnings and has, lately, acquired a pronounced law and order dimension.

    Synergisation for Future Wars

    It is essential to have an army which is capable of responding to conventional as well as sub-conventional warfare requirements with bare minimum turbulence while switching roles from one form of warfare to another.

    July 13, 2010

    Strategy and Tactics in Countering Left Wing Extremists in India

    Left Wing Extremism (LWE) presents a serious internal security challenge to India that needs careful and coordinated policy response from both the security front and the development front. For the CPI (Maoists) (Communist Party of India), the main outfit propagating LWE, the plan and execution of this style of people's war against the state is like the Churchillian ‘a riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an enigma’. At one level, the LWE can be described as a ‘Democratic revolution through tactical offensive with tactical speed in the protracted people's war of strategic defensive’.

    July 2010

    Always in the Line of Fire

    There are no shortcuts to overcoming the grave Naxal threat to our democratic way of life. Broadening the mandate by handing over the problem to the army is neither fair nor efficacious.

    June 22, 2010

    Vivek asked: Cannot the humble radio (MW/SW) be used to counter the "indoctrination" machinery of Naxal-leadership?

    P. V. Ramana replies: Certainly, radio and other media could be used to effectively counter Naxal propaganda. As part of its plan to deal with the Naxalites, the government has in place a practice known as Public Perception Management. The technique involves “taking up a publicity drive to expose unlawful activities and misdeeds of naxal outfits and their leaders, futility of violence caused by naxalite cadres, absence of development activities in the affected areas due to fear and extortion of naxal cadres, etc.” This has to be done subtly and in a concerted way. The media, including radio, has so far not been fully exploited by the government in countering Naxal propaganda.

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