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  • Failing to Deliver: Post-Crises Defence Reforms in India, 1998-2010

    Failing to Deliver: Post-Crises Defence Reforms in India, 1998-2010

    This paper examines the defence reforms process in India and critically examines past efforts and the factors that led to the post-Kargil defence reform. It analyzes the defence reform committees and their follow up.

    A Critical Review of Defence Procurement Procedure 2011

    In the absence of reforms in several areas, DPP-2011 may not be able to achieve its stated objectives of expeditious procurement and greater involvement of domestic industry in defence production.

    January 25, 2011

    Social Networking: Boon or Bane for the Armed Forces

    The social networking sites can be exploited by the cyber operators by infiltration and influencing the opinion where feasible. Cyber espionage has already became the cornerstone of some nations, where international cyber security agencies have reasons to believe, of state complicity in major hacking, denial of service attacks in the last couple of years. Since social networks become easy prey to such agencies, there is a need to increase awareness of defence personal about their vulnerabilities.

    October 2010

    Human Resources in Security Sector: An Integrated Model for the 21st Century

    The challenge of management of human resources may be the most profound in the security sector in the years ahead given transformations happening globally and enhancement of human potential and opportunities for individual growth. The national security sector extending from the military to private security guards denotes the plethora of skills sets required which vary from that of handling highly sophisticated and lethal missile arsenal, to commandeering large aircraft carriers and submarines to securing public space in metropolitan cities.

    October 2010

    Salient Issues Affecting Defence Manpower in India

    Manpower costs are increasingly becoming unmanageable and are driving national security planners towards thinking creatively about what used to be called ‘affordable defence’. Despite leap-frogging from third to fourth generation weapons technologies in the short span of about two decades, modern armed forces are still far from being able to effect substantive reductions in manpower by substituting fighting personnel with innovative technologies while ensuring operational effectiveness.

    October 2010

    New Zealand’s Defence White Paper 2010

    As an island country deep down in the Pacific, New Zealand’s security is under no great direct threat from any external source, though turbulence in the neighbourhood would be a matter of concern.

    November 15, 2010

    Maneesh Aggarwal asked: How an Indian can make a difference in improving India's defence systeme aganist China and Pakistan?

    Rumel Dahiya replies: Every Indian can and should make a contribution in making India a strong and prosperous country in which all of us feel secure and live harmoniously. This can be done by doing our best in which ever field of activity we are involved in. Hard working, tech savvy and productive citizens are essential for India's sustained economic growth. A strong economy will generate resources for development as well as for defence. Technological advances will contribute towards better defence systems. There are many career choices which can be made if one wants to make direct contribution towards developing defence systems, both in PSUs and in private sector. One can make innovation in any field and it will have a direct or indirect positive impact in improving India's defence potential. Obviously, no defence system is designed with an eye on a particular adversary or potential adversary.

    Faisal asked: I am a 16 year old boy and I want to know what exactly is defense analysis and whether military analysis and defense analysis are the same thing?

    S. Kalyanaraman replies: Defence Analysis and Military Analysis are one and the same thing. The word 'defence' came to be increasingly used during the course of the 20th century, instead of the earlier preference for 'war' which is seen as indicating an offensive mentality. Thus, for instance, Ministries of War became Ministries of Defence. As a subject, Defence Analysis relates to the study of military concepts, military organisation and structures, and military technologies. Military concepts guide the use of armed forces and their weaponry as well as the strategies and tactics used in various contingencies like all-out war, limited war, intervention in a third country, counter-insurgency, peacekeeping operations, etc. Military organisation refers to how the armed forces are structured to meet the requirements laid out by a particular defence policy. And military technologies are those developed and used to increase military power.

    Faisal asked: How do I pursue a degree in defence analysis in India?

    P. K. Gautam replies: Several colleges and universities offer courses in Defence/Strategic Studies in India. Some of these are: University of Pune, University of Chennai, Panjabi University Patiala, Punjab University Chandigarh, Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gorakhpur University, Maharishi Dayanand University Rohtak, University of Jammu, Allahabad University, H.N. Bahuguna Garhwal University, Chaudhary Charan Singh University Meerut, Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar University Agra

    India’s Higher Defence Organisation: Implications for National Security and Jointness

    In the minds of the average person on the street, one suspects that the phrase “higher defence organization” evokes an intimidating vision of row upon row of be-medalled and be-whiskered Generals, with the dark shadowy figure of a “soldier on horseback” (that mythical usurper of power) looming in the background.

    August 2007