Defence

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  • Japan’s white paper on defence: An overview

    The dominant challenges for Japan apart from China remain North Korea. The document expresses concerns on the launching of multiple ballistic missiles towards the Sea of Japan along with the possibility, for the first time, that the North Koreans may have acquired nuclear warheads.

    September 01, 2014

    Nanotechnology: Current Global Trends and Future Military Applications for ‘Soldier as a System’

    The last decade has witnessed unprecedented developments in the discovery of novel materials and their radically different properties at nano scales. Global efforts in research and development (R&D)in nanotechnology are being undertaken by many countries due to far-reaching benefits encompassing the entire arena of science and technology. The field of defence is likely to profit immensely by nanotechnology-enabled applications.

    October 2014

    United States Reforms to Its Higher Defence Organisation: Lessons for India

    United States Reforms to Its Higher Defence Organisation: Lessons for India

    Democracies of the world have many similarities, notwithstanding the differences in the system of governance and the governmental structure. The decision making by the Higher Defence Organisation (HDO) and the government of the United States and India face similar challenges regardless of the threat perception and the role, size and the employment of the military.

    2014

    British Reforms to Its Higher Defence Organisation: Lessons for India

    British Reforms to Its Higher Defence Organisation: Lessons for India

    All is not right with the Indian Higher Defence Organisation (HDO) became public knowledge, perhaps for the first time, after the Kargil War in 1999. There have been significant changes in the geo-strategic situation and the nature of threat faced by India over the years and yet little has changed in the higher defence management and the HDO of the country.

    2014

    Vishwas Kumar asked: Why 50 per cent of the Indian Navy has surpassed 20 yrs service life, as per the CAG 2013 report? How will it impact our defence preparedness?

    Sarabjeet Singh Parmar replies: This is due to the delay in procurement of equipment, weaponry and ships to replace the ageing and obsolete inventory held by the Indian Navy. The term ‘ship’ here also covers other assets like submarines and aircraft (both manned and unmanned). The impact on defence preparedness could be seen under the three prisms of a ship’s ability to float, move and fight. All three are impacted by ageing of assets and equipment fit.

    The impact of ageing could be viewed under two broad aspects:

    Defence Reforms – Agenda for the New Government

    Defence Reforms – Agenda for the New Government

    A country’s response to external threats and internal security challenges is based on its defence preparedness, advance planning for contingencies and the political will. The new government will have to make key decisions on different aspects of defence reforms. This Policy Brief puts forward some suggestions.

    May 22, 2014

    Moving on with the Defence & Security of India

    Ministry of Defence which accounts for 13-14 per cent of the central government expenditure, if one also takes into account the expenditure on defence pensions, could come under some pressure to prepare an action plan as the outcome of what it does is often intangible, undisclosable, or simply unmeasurable. The author puts forward some suggestions.

    May 20, 2014

    Foreign Direct Investment Policy 2014: Status Quo for the Defence Sector

    One of the provisions in the policy is that in the Information & Broadcasting and the Defence sectors, where the sectoral cap is less than 49 per cent, the company would need to be ‘owned and controlled’ by resident Indian citizens and Indian companies, which, in turn, are owned and controlled by resident Indian citizens. This is a virtual impossibility.

    April 23, 2014

    Defence Innovations in India: The Fault Lines

    The Occasional Paper examines India's defence innovation performance, especially of the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and the defence industry. The paper argues that the innovation performance of these two players is constrained by lack of a higher organisational structure which could provide direction and required thrust to the indigenous R&D.

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