Jammu and Kashmir

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  • Online Radicalisation: The Example of Burhan Wani

    Online Radicalisation: The Example of Burhan Wani

    Effective use of social media fuelled Wani’s rise to prominence. His skills in this domain radicalised youth in greater numbers than had previously been achieved using more conventional methods.

    July 16, 2016

    Danish Mallick asked: Is the Indian strategy of creating democracy deficit in J&K state a viable option to retain territorial integrity?

    Abdul Hameed Khan replies: India’s image as the biggest democracy in the world is robust and well known. India has vigorously promoted democratic practices all along, without exception. Every constituent of its government structure as well as all the established political parties have shown profound respect to it. This goes to establish India’s democratic approach towards all of its states and territories.

    Prabhu Chintala asked: Why is there a sudden increase in the terror attacks in J&k? What message Pakistan and its military-militant establishment are trying to pass?

    Vivek Chadha replies: The spate of terror attacks in the recent past has taken place not only in J&K, but also in the neighbouring state of Punjab, as evident from the Gurdaspur terror strike. A number of reasons could be ascribed to these strikes. First, Pakistan is confronted with a new government in India, which has clearly announced a more robust approach to Pakistani misadventures, both along the Line of Control (LoC) and inside India.

    The Other Kashmir: Society, Culture and Politics in the Karakoram Himalayas

    The Other Kashmir: Society, Culture and Politics in the Karakoram Himalayas
    • Publisher: Pentagon Press

    The book deals with the historical, cultural, geopolitical, strategic, socio-economic and political perspectives on the entire Karakoram-Himalayan region. It is based on the papers contributed by area specialists and experts from the region.

    • ISBN 978-81-8274-797-5,
    • Price: ₹. 1495/-
    • E-copy available

    Macchil Verdict: Reading Between the Lines

    Macchil Verdict: Reading Between the Lines

    The incident raises important issues. First, the role of honours and awards in such crimes, second, the impact of punishment on the morale of troops who undertake a challenging responsibility and last, its impact on the population of the disturbed area at large.

    November 25, 2014

    2014 General Elections in Kashmir Valley: Incidents of Violence and its Impact

    The background study looks at incidence of violence in the Kashmir Valley during the 2014 parliamentary elections and the correlation of violence to voter turnout. This study also lists out various actors responsible for violence and the trends in voting patterns from different regions of the Valley.

    September 25, 2014

    Lulun Kips asked: Why AFSPA has been imposed in J&K and the Northeast and not in the Maoist-affected areas in central India?

    Vivek Chadha replies: The Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act or the AFSPA is imposed in areas where armed forces are required to operate in aid to civil authorities. However, for AFSPA to become valid, an area needs to be declared disturbed either by the central or the state government. This is because under the Criminal Procedure Code (CrPC), the army does not have the mandate to carry out operations and the powers to arrest, search premises, etc., are only with the police.

    Kashmir: Finding Lasting Peace

    Kashmir: Finding Lasting Peace

    India continues its elusive search for peace in Jammu and Kashmir(J&K), in the face of Pakistan’s proxy war and dissatisfaction among some sections of the youth in Kashmir Valley.

    June 26, 2014

    Internal Security Trends in 2013 and a Prognosis

    The internal security situation in India reflected a marked improvement in 2012-2013 relative to previous years. This Issue Brief offers an assessment of the major trends in 2013 for Jammu and Kashmir, the land borders of India, Naxalism, the Northeast, terrorism and radicalism in India. It also offers a prognosis for the year ahead.

    January 24, 2014

    Siddhartha Jain asked: What are the short-term and long-term solutions to the Kashmir insurgency?

    Ashok Kumar Behuria replies: Kashmir is a difficult issue woven into the nationalist consciousness in both India and Pakistan over the decades. India considers it its secular crown; Pakistan regards it as its jugular vein and its terra irredenta (un-redeemed territory that rightfully belonged to it). Hence, to expect an early solution is unrealistic. But the two countries must take measures to improve bilateral relationship progressively and create conducive atmosphere for such thorny issues to be discussed in a dispassionate manner.

    Short term measures could be keeping the official and unofficial lines of communications alive even in the face of gravest provocations from the spoilers, and keep discussing the issues isolated under the composite dialogue. The progress made through dialogue begs for better dissemination through media. More regular dialogue between security establishments is another measure which may moderate Pakistani approach towards India. Moreover, peace along the LoC and international border should be ensured by both the countries at all costs.

    Long term measures could be setting up a high level joint body from both the countries at a semi-official level and encourage it to thrash out issues related to Kashmir, and identify shortcomings in various approaches adopted by both the countries so far. There is also a significant body of literature on how to resolve the Kashmir issue based on measures adopted by countries at the international level while dealing with similar cases. Issues like porous borders, shared control, joint sovereignty, neutral terrain, etc., have been discussed in the available literature. Such efforts can tap into the existing literature and suggest alternatives to both the governments.