India-China Relations

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  • Sino-Indian Dynamics in Littoral Asia – The View from New Delhi

    China’s growing stakes in the Indian Ocean, in particular the People’s Liberation Army Navy’s (PLAN) expanding profile in South Asia, has caused deep concern in India, where many believe Chinese naval deployments have shrunk New Delhi’s traditional sphere of influence. China’s inroads in India’s strategic backwaters— in particular, growing PLAN submarine forays—are viewed with suspicion in New Delhi, where many are convinced of the need for a counter-China strategy.

    May 2019

    Xi's Belt-Road Initiative: Recalibration, Strategic Imperatives

    While still in the evolution stage, BRI has the potential to be a game changer in China’s quest to shape a ‘Sino-Centric’ Global Order.

    May 22, 2019

    Moving Beyond the Listing of Masood Azhar

    With China now willing to discuss issues of mutual interest with India, a well-structured bilateral dialogue on regional and global terrorism may go a long way in convincing Beijing of the need to put pressure on Islamabad to act against terror

    May 16, 2019

    Know Thy Neighbour: Growth of India and China—Socio-Cultural Precepts and Propositions*

    It is very important for large and populous neighbours such as India and China to have a better understanding of one another’s history, culture and value systems. Perhaps no two peoples in the world are as similar as Indians and Chinese in terms of the agrarian foundations of our societies and many of our traditions with roots in Hindu-Buddhist rituals and philosophy, and even the undue importance attached in the past to the male child.

    March 2019

    Designating Masood Azhar at the United Nations: More than a Symbolic Diplomatic Victory

    The decade-long effort to list Azhar showcases the pragmatism that marks India's multilateral diplomacy and questions the general perception that India's multilateral approach is ambivalent and inconsistent.

    May 09, 2019

    Penpa Dhundup asked: Is there any cooperation between India and China in Central Asia?

    Raviprasad Narayanan replies: India's efforts at creating a positional advantage in Central Asia is fraught with difficulties since the region is land locked and only Iran can play a role in facilitating access to the region for India. Central Asian countries are looking for a way out of the dreadlocks of Russia and Chabahar Port comes into the equation. Sanctions imposed on Iran by the United State have not so far impacted Chabahar Port, considered crucial for India’s access to Afghanistan bypassing Pakistan.

    Mahesh Belavi asked: What kind of advantages India has over China when it comes to engaging the African countries?

    Anand Kumar replies: India and China excel in different areas while engaging the African countries. China is better placed in terms of funding infrastructure development which it is doing at a massive scale in the continent. Africa has a major deficit of infrastructure and Chinese are presently trying to fill this gap, though questions have been raised about the costing of these projects. In view of limited options, Africa has been relying on Chinese companies to build their infrastructure.

    India’s Domestic Debate over China’s Growing Strategic Presence in the Indian Ocean

    This article seeks to capture the domestic debate in India over China’s activities in the Indian Ocean. It engages the critical geopolitical articulation around formal, practical and popular geopolitics, and provides a narrow perspective on the Indian Ocean Region (IOR). It begins with a look at how India and China perceive the IOR, which is crucial to understand how the Indian Ocean is framed in the public consciousness in India.

    January-March 2019

    Piyush Garodia asked: What is the function of strategic partnerships? Why has India signed so many of them and even with a long-time adversary like China?

    Ashok Behuria replies: In international politics today, the term ‘strategic partnership’ is being regarded as an alternative to the old ‘alliance’ system, which characterised interstate politics during the Cold War.

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