Chemical Weapons (CW)

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  • Relevance of Montreal Protocol in the Contemporary Debates on the Use of Refrigerants

    The Montreal Protocol has been regarded as the most of effective international treaty mechanism of all time and it has been successful in handling the question of ozone depletion with the help of mechanisms like Multilateral Fund.

    Chemical and Biological Weapons in Egypt and Libya

    Egypt has for long possessed chemical weapons (CW) and biological weapons (BW), and was unable to make much progress in the nuclear weapons (NW) domain, at least as yet, Qaddafi's Libya on the other hand produced CW, developed BW, neared nuclear capacity as well, eventually, but shifted to total deproliferation in due course.

    Challenge Inspection Regime of the CWC: Salient Features*

    The most significant aspect of the CWC is the provision for a Challenge Inspection (CI) mechanism, to address any possible concerns of any member state regarding the possible non-compliance to the provisions of the CWC by any other member state.

    How has the West responded to ‘gassing’ in West Asia?

    It is not so much because of the use of chemical weapons that will unleash US fire-power, but the fact that the Assad regime might be winning the civil war in conjunction with its Iranian and Hezbollah allies.

    September 04, 2013

    Syrian Civil War and the Chemical Weapons Use

    Syria is in the middle of civil war since March, 2011. Recent reports of use of chemical weapons in Syria and US President Barack Obama’s official statement on this issue has given a new turn to the Syrian conflict. Chemical Weapons (CW) usage and geopolitics of global interests complicate the issue. Acheiving a sustainable solution will require serious and sustained efforts on part of all the actors involved in Syria.

    Accomplishments in the Elimination of Chemical Weapons - A Fact Sheet

    Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) that was signed in January 1993 and came into force in 1997 could now be viewed as the most successful arms control mechanism. However, with eight countries still not signatory to the CWC and with approximately 25% of declared weapons stockpile remaing undestroyed as yet, the CWC is still a work in progress.

    Syria and WMD: Deepening Uncertainty

    Even as the uncertainty over the alleged use of chemical weapons use in Syria deepens, the cautious US response to the situation has been conditioned by the lack of viable military options as well as its Iraq war experience.

    June 03, 2013

    Chemical Weapons Profile of Angola

    Angola, a country in southern Africa, which has no officially confirmed history of possession and use of chemical weapons by the state. However, it should be noted that South Africa, in defence of its earlier chemical and biological weapons programme, often cited the capture of chemical detection and decontamination equipment and treatment systems in Angola. There were instances of chemical weapons being used inside Angola when it was under Portuguese colonial rule.

    NBC threats and India's Preparedness

    With new developments in the field of science and technology it is becoming very tough for countries to change the level of security preparedness. It is also becoming increasingly difficult for a country to undertake correct threat assessment. While the state's security is relatively assured with the obsolescence of major wars, the non-state actors are found using innovative techniques to spread the divisive politics.

    Chemical Weapons in the Syrian Conflict

    It is expected that the Syrian inventory could contain several thousand aerial bombs filled mostly with the chemical agent Sarin, and between 50 and 100 ballistic missile warheads.

    July 30, 2012

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