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  • Deepak asked: Has the 'Armed Forces (Special Powers) Ordinance, 1942' been specifically repealed or not? If yes, please give the details?

    Pushpita Das replies: The Armed Forces Special Powers Ordinance of 1942 was promulgated by the British on August 15, 1942 to suppress the ‘Quit India’ movement. As the title itself demonstrates, ‘special powers’ were bestowed on ‘certain officers’ of the armed forces under the Ordinance to deal with the ‘emergency’ situation. These ‘special powers’ included the use of force (even to cause death) on any person who fails to halt when challenged by a sentry or appears to damage any property or resist arrest. Most importantly, the Ordinance provided complete immunity to the officers; their acts could not be challenged by anyone in the Court except with the prior approval of the central government.

    In 1947, the central government had invoked four ordinances – the Bengal Disturbed Areas (Special Powers of Armed Forces) Ordinance; the Assam Disturbed Areas (Special Powers of Armed Forces) Ordinance; the East Bengal Disturbed Areas (Special Powers of Armed Forces) Ordinance; and the United Provinces Disturbed Areas (Special Powers of Armed Forces) Ordinance - to deal with the internal security situation in the country.

    In 1948, the Armed Forces Special Powers Act of 1948 was promulgated, which replaced all the four abovementioned ordinances. The Armed Forces Special Powers Act of 1948, as a matter of fact, was modeled along the Armed Forces Special Powers Ordinance of 1942. The Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act of 1948 was repealed in 1957, but only to be resurrected a year later in 1958 because of the deteriorating internal security situation in the ‘unified Assam’ as a result of Naga rebellion.

    Deliberations of a Working Group on Military and Diplomacy

    Deliberations of a Working Group on Military and Diplomacy
    • Publisher: Magnum Books Pvt Ltd
      2013

    The Indian defence establishment is confronted today with what is probably its greatest challenge since Independence. Besides being prepared to wage conventional war on possibly two fronts simultaneously, our Armed Forces need to be geared to undertake this under a nuclear overhang and within a technological environment that encompasses cyber- and space-based threats. There is therefore an imperative requirement for change that would enable us to adapt to the emerging situation. The archaic organisations and processes put in place on achieving Independence must undergo radical overhaul.

    • ISBN ISBN 978-93-82512-01-1,
    • Price: ₹. 195/-
    • E-copy available
    2013

    Officers’ Promotion Policy in the Army

    It is desirable that policies are not tinkered with after every change of command and are allowed to stabilise over a period of 5 to 10 years before they are reviewed for their efficacy.

    November 30, 2012

    India's Neighbourhood: The Armies of South Asia

    India's Neighbourhood: The Armies of South Asia
    • Publisher: Pentagon Press
      2013

    This book is an attempt to examine the role, relevance and status of the armies in the ever dynamic socio-political milieu of the countries in India’s South Asian neighbourhood. The book deals with the national armies of seven South Asian countries bordering India, namely Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Maldives, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. The contributors to the volume also trace out the likely trajectory of the future role and position of the armies in the given or evolving national and geo-political settings.

    • ISBN 978-81-8274-706-0,
    • Price: ₹. 795/-
    • E-copy available
    2013

    Net Security Provider: India’s Out-of-Area Contingency Operations

    Net Security Provider: India’s Out-of-Area Contingency Operations
    • Publisher: Magnum Books Pvt Ltd
      2013

    The report analyses previous deployments of the Indian military outside its borders, including in United Nations Peacekeeping Operations (UNPKO), evacuation of Indian citizens from conflict zones and in active operations like Sri Lanka from 1987–90 and the Maldives in 1988. It then examines the current capacity and trends for executing such operations. Finally, it makes recommendations not only for the Armed Forces but for other relevant agencies as well, such as the Ministries of Defence and External Affairs, the National Security Council and the Cabinet Secretariat.

    • ISBN 978-93-82512-00-4,
    • Price: ₹. 395/-
    • E-copy available
    2012

    Indian Army: Internal Challenges In Capability Building And Retention

    The Army, being the largest service and fielding the largest array of equipment, needs to improve its own processes by carrying out an internal analysis and taking effective steps to speed up the procurement process.

    October 11, 2012

    Are the Armed Forces Game for 3PL?

    3PL support has not become integral to the defence forces’ administrative functions yet. Considering the funds that can be saved, manpower that can be freed to train for operational readiness, the adept, proficient and skilful resources that can be used to upgrade its standards and capabilities, the armed forces should not to drag their feet in this important issue.

    September 17, 2012

    Armies, Wars and their Food by D. Vijaya Rao

    For anyone to talk and write about wars, the basic predicament is how to create novelty of information since subjects related to wars and heroism are so well covered both in text and folklore. This is precisely the aspect where the author, D. Vijaya Rao, has been able to achieve distinction.

    July 2012

    Revenue Procurement in the India Army Challenges and the Way Ahead

    India’s defence forces have to be continually prepared with modernised assets and a well-planned and executed supply-chain network. This calls for a well-evolved logistics infrastructure. To achieve this, a close study of the extant procurement procedure, the process of allocation of the budget, and the lacunae therein, is necessary. This article ponders on the challenges or peculiarities faced during the revenue procurement process for the Indian Army. Defence procurement, unlike procurement or other departments, involves a deliberate and complex procedure.

    July 2012

    Parliament and Defence Preparedness

    The leakage of the former Army Chief General V.K. Singh’s secret letter of 12 March 2012 to the Prime Minister, on large scale deficiencies in the Army, created an uproar in Parliament. While the issue of who leaked the letter and the motive behind the leak is under investigation by intelligence agencies, the bigger aspect that needs to be examined is how did we reach this level of hollowness, and what needs to be done to rectify the situation and avoid a recurrence in the future.

    July 2012

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