Armed Forces

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  • Who is Responsible for Defence of India?

    Defence of India is a multi-dimensional responsibility involving coordination with not only organisations within MoD, but also several external departments and agencies. Irrespective of whether the subject of defence of India is assigned to DoD or DMA, it is the defence minister who is responsible for the subjects allocated to the ministry.

    July 22, 2021

    What Should Define Integration of Armed Forces?

    Unless the armed forces and the security establishment take a singular approach to warfighting, which includes evolving a singular concept of warfighting, identifying threats and challenges, and medium and long-term capability development goals, differences that make headlines will continue to recur time and again.

    July 12, 2021

    Rohit Singh Mer asked: Do the CAPFs operating in disturbed areas of the Northeast also have the protection of AFSPA like the army?

    Vivek Chadha replies: The Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act, 1958 (or AFSPA) is the one that relates to the Northeastern part of the country. The Act within its provisions allows for areas to be declared as disturbed. It is only after such a declaration that forces are given the mandate to operate along with powers prescribed under the Act. This includes searches, arrests and raiding suspected locations.

    Human Rights in the Indian Armed Forces: An Analysis of Article 33 by U.C. Jha and Sanghamitra Choudhury

    The armed forces are one of the most powerful tools to ensure safety and security of the state from external aggressions. This duty may call upon armed forces personnel to undertake missions with a very high risk to life. To motivate a human being to perform the allocated duty even at the peril of his/her life is an art that armed forces across the globe have mastered. For sustaining such a high level of motivation and to undertake missions in a very organised fashion, military discipline is a key attribute.

    July-September 2020

    Atma Nirbhar through Canteen Sales

    Banning the sale of imported items through the CSD could supplement the various domestic industry-friendly policy measures being taken by the government for a self-reliant India.

    August 11, 2020

    Estimating India’s Defence Manpower

    India needs to have a public version of defence manpower database as part of its annual budgetary document. This would facilitate greater understanding and analysis of any possible manpower-related reforms in the future.

    August 04, 2020

    Shreyash Krishna asked: What is the envisaged role of the border guarding forces such as BSF and ITBP as new theatre commands take shape?

    Vivek Chadha replies: Until recently, the long-standing objective of integration of the armed forces and higher defence organisations, as also enhancing jointness amongst them, had remained largely unfulfilled. Even though some changes came about based on recommendations made in the Kargil Review Committee Report of 1999 and Group of Ministers (GoM) Report of 2001, certain critical aspects such as the appointment of Chief of Defence Staff (CDS) and creation of joint commands had continued to linger.

    Is Lowering Colour Service a Suitable Option?

    The adverse impact of lowering of colour service of soldiers below pensionable service will not only be felt at the structural and functional level but also the psychological level.

    February 14, 2020

    Defining the Charter of Chief of Defence Staff

    Having decided to create the post of CDS, the next logical step for the government is to define its charter of duties and responsibilities. The government needs to examine not just the CDS’s role as a single-point military advisor, but also his role in other matters that are equally important in driving critical defence reforms.

    November 21, 2019

    Understanding Ethical Behaviour towards Better Institutional Functioning in the Armed Forces

    At the heart of ethical choices lies the complex interplay between individual intentions and environmental vectors. Factors such as stress, misguided motivations and the failure to handle positional power make the issue so very intriguing. Further, ethical dilemmas are often laden with inherent individual subjectivities, making it difficult to arrive at a singularly agreeable distinction between ‘right’ and ‘wrong’. Why do individuals transgress? Why do individuals give and take bribes? Why is it so difficult to report a course mate?

    October-December 2019

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